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Evaluation of Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches for Xylitol Production

1Microbiology and Bioprocess Technology Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

2Department of Food Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

3Center for Environmental Studies (PSLH), Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

Received: 28 Nov 2018; Revised: 21 May 2019; Accepted: 24 May 2019; Available online: 30 Sep 2019; Published: 1 Dec 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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The biological process route of xylitol production from lignocellulosic materials, via enzymatic hydrolysis which is followed by fermentation, offers a more sustainable or greener process than the chemical process route. Both the enzymatic hydrolysis and the fermentation processes are conducted at moderate process condition and thus require less energy and chemicals. However, the process proceeds slower than the chemical one. In order to improve process performance, the enzymatic hydrolysis and the fermentation processes can be integrated as Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) configuration. This paper discusses the evaluation of SSF configuration on xylitol production from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (OPEFB). To integrate two processes which have different optimum temperature, the performance of each process at various temperature was first evaluated. Later, SSF was evaluated at various hydrolysis and fermentation time at each optimum temperature. SSF showed better process performance than the separated hydrolysis and fermentation processes. The best result was obtained from configuration with 72 hours of prior hydrolysis followed by simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation, giving yield of 0.08 g-xylitol/g-OPEFB. 

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Keywords: Enzymatic hydrolysis; fermentation; OPEFB; process integration; xylitol
Funding: Indonesian Fund Management Board of Oil Palm Plantation (BPDP Sawit)

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