Synthesis of KCC-1 Using Rice Husk Ash for Pb Removal from Aqueous Solution and Petrochemical Wastewater

Rosalyza Hasan -  Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Chi Cheng Chong -  Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
*Herma Dina Setiabudi -  Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Received: 15 Nov 2018; Revised: 1 Jan 2019; Accepted: 7 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
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Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
Language: EN
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Abstract

A silica-rich rice husk ash (RHA, 95.44% SiO2) was used as a silica precursor in the synthesis of KCC-1 for Pb(II) removal. The extraction of silica was carried out under several extraction methods (alkali fusion (AF), reflux (RF) and microwave heating (MW)) and extraction parameters (NaOH/RHA mass ratio, fusion temperature and H2O/NaOH-fused RHA mass ratio). The highest silica content was obtained using AF method at extraction conditions of NaOH/RHA mass ratio = 2, fusion temperature = 550 ºC, and H2O/NaOH-fused RHA mass ratio = 4, with silica concentration of 85,490 ppm. TEM, FTIR, and BET analyses revealed the synthesized KCC-1 has fibrous morphology with surface area of 220 m2/g. The synthesized KCC-1 showed good performance in removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution (74%) and petrochemical wastewater (70%). The analyses of petrochemical wastewater revealed that the adsorption process using synthesized KCC-1 effectively decreased the concentration of COD (489 mg/L to 106 mg/L), BOD (56 mg/L to 34 mg/L) and Pb(II) (22.8 mg/L to 6.71 mg/L). This study affirmed that KCC-1 was successfully synthesized using RHA as silica precursor and applied as an efficient adsorbent for Pb(II) removal. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords
Rice husk ash (RHA); Alkali fusion; Lead; Adsorption

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