Catalytic CO Methanation over Mesoporous ZSM5 with Different Metal Promoters

*Lee Peng Teh -  Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Sugeng Triwahyono -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Aishah Abdul Jalil -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Herma Dina Setiabudi -  Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Muhammad Arif Abdul Aziz -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Sustainable Waste Management Research Group, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Received: 15 Nov 2018; Revised: 16 Jan 2019; Accepted: 17 Jan 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The carbon monoxide methanation has possessed huge potential as an effective method to produce synthetic natural gas (SNG). The basic requirements such as high catalytic activity at low temperatures (<500 °C) and high stability throughout all temperatures is needed for an ideal methanation catalysts. The ultimate goal of the study is to examine the influential of different metal promoters towards catalytic properties and catalytic CO methanation performance. A series of metal promoters (Rh, Co, Pd and Zn) mesoporous ZSM5 were synthesized using an incipient-wetness impregnation method and evaluated for catalytic CO methanation. XRD analysis showed that only metal oxides and no metallic phase of Rh, Co, Pd, and Zn were observed. The nitrogen physisorption analysis showed that mZSM5 possessed high surface area and micro-mesoporosity with intra- and interparticle pores. FESEM analysis illustrated that mZSM5 had typical coffin-type morphology and Rh metal dispersed on the surface of the support was confirmed by EDX analysis. Moreover, Rh (CO conversion = 95%, CH4 yield = 82%) and Co (CO conversion = 91%, CH4 yield = 71%) promoters showed significant improvement in CO methanation. On the other hand, Pd (CO conversion = 18%, CH4 yield = 12%) and Zn (CO conversion = 10%, CH4 yield = 9%) promoters had only low benefit to the CO methanation. This study affirmed that the catalytic activity of CO methanation was influenced by the variation in the type of metal loading due to different nature of metallic phases and their synergistic interaction with the supporting material. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved


Other format:

Synthetic Natural Gas; CO Methanation; Mesoporous ZSM5; Metal Promoters; Rh
Cover Image

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 193 60
  1. Jia, C., Gao, J., Li, J., Gu, F., Xu, G., Zhong, Z., Su, F. (2013). Nickel Catalysts Supported on Calcium Titanate for Enhanced CO Methanation. Catalysis Science & Technology, 3: 490–499.
  2. Tao, M., Xin, Z., Meng, X., Bian, Z., Lv, Y. (2017). Highly Dispersed Nickel within Mesochannels of SBA-15 for CO Methanation with Enhanced Activity and Excellent Thermostability. Fuel, 188: 267–276.
  3. Liu, Q., Gu, F., Lu, X., Liu, Y., Li, H., Zhong, Z., Xu, G., Su, F. (2014). Enhanced Catalytic Performance of Ni/Al2O3 Catalyst via Addition of V2O3 for CO Methanation. Applied Catalysis A: General, 488: 37–47.
  4. Gong, D., Li, S., Guo, S., Tang, H., Wang, H., Liu, Y. (2018). Lanthanum and Cerium Co-modified Ni/SiO2 Catalyst for CO Methanation from Syngas. Applied Surface Science, 434: 351–364.
  5. Bian, Z., Xin, Z., Meng, X., Tao, M., Lv, Y., Gu, J. (2017). Effect of Citric Acid on the Synthesis of CO Methanation Catalysts with High Activity and Excellent Stability. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56(9): 2383–2392.
  6. Li, P., Zhu, M., Dan, J., Kang, L., Lai, L., Cai, X., Zhang, J., Yu, F., Tian, Z., Dai, B. (2017). Two-dimensional Porous SiO2 Nanomesh Supported High Dispersed Ni Nanoparticles for CO Methanation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 326: 774 –780.
  7. Arandiyan, H., Kasaeian, G., Nematollahi, B., Wang, Y., Sun, H., Bartlett, S., Dai, H., Rezaei, M. (2018). Self-assembly of Flower-like LaNiAlO3-supported Nickel Catalyst for CO Methanation. Catalysis Communications, 115: 40–44.
  8. Odedairo, T., Balasamy, R.J., Al-Khattaf, S. (2011). Influence of Mesoporous Materials Containing ZSM-5 on Alkylation and Cracking Reactions. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 345: 21–36.
  9. Zhang, C., Wu, Q., Lei, C., Pan, S., Bian, C., Wang, L., Meng, X., Xiao, F. (2017). Solvent –free and Mesoporogen–free Synthesis of Mesoporous Aluminosilicate ZSM-5 Zeolites with Superior Catalytic Properties in Methanol-to-olefins. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56(6): 1450–1460.
  10. Zhuang, S., Hu, Z.H., Huang, L., Qin, F., Huang, Z., Sun, C., Shen, W., Xu, H. (2018). Synthesis of ZSM-5 Catalysts with Tunable Mesoporosity by Ultrasound-assisted Method: A Highly Stable Catalyst for Methanol to Propylene. Catalysis Communications, 114: 28–32.
  11. Li, H., Dong, L., Zhao, L., Cao, L., Gao, J., Xu, C. (2017). Enhanced Adsorption Desulfurization Performance over Mesoporous ZSM-5 by Alkali Treatment. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56(14): 3813–3821.
  12. Wang, Y., Du, T., Song, Y., Che, S., Fang, X., Zhou, L. (2017). Amine-functionalized Mesoporous ZSM-5 Zeolite Adsorbents for Carbon Capture. Solid State Sciences, 73: 27–35.
  13. Guo, X., Traitangwong, A., Hu, M., Zuo, C., Meeyoo, V., Peng, Z., Li, C. (2018). Carbon Dioxide Methanation over Nickel-based Catalysts Supported on Various Mesoporus Material. Energy Fuels, 32(3): 3681–3689.
  14. Cao, H., Zhang, J., Guo, C., Chen, J.G., Ren, X. (2017). Highly Dispersed Ni Nanoparticles on 3D-mesoporous KIT-6 for CO Methanation: Effect of Promoter Species on Catalytic Performance. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 38: 1127–1137.
  15. Liu, Q., Yang, H., Dong, H., Zhang, W., Bian, B., He, Q., Yang, J., Meng, X., Tian, Z., Zhao,G. (2018). Effect of Preparation Method and Sm2O3 Promoter on CO Methanation by a Mesoporous NiO-Sm2O3/Al2O3 Catalyst. New Journal of Chemistry, 42: 13096–13106.
  16. Lv, Y., Xin, Z., Meng, X., Tao, M., Bian, Z. (2018). Ni Based Catalyst Supported on KIT-6 Silica for CO Methanation: Confinement Effect of Three Dimensional Channel on NiO and Ni Particles. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 262: 89–97.
  17. Panagiotopoulou, P. (2017). Hydrogenation of CO2 over Supported Noble Metal Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 542: 63–70.
  18. Zhang, C., Liu, B., Wang, Y., Zhao, L., Zhang, J., Zong, Q., Gao, J., Xu, C. (2017). The Effect of Cobalt Promoter on the CO Methanation Reaction over MoS2 Catalyst: A Density Functional Study. RSC Advances, 7: 11862–11871.
  19. Martin, N.M., Hemmingsson, F., Wang, X., Merte, L.R., Hejral, U., Gustafson, J., Skoglundh, M., Meira, D.M., Dippel, A., Gutowski, O., Bauer,
  20. M., Carlsson, P. (2018). Stucture-function Relationship during CO2 Methanation over Rh/Al2O3 and Rh/SiO2 Catalysts at Atmospheric Pressure Conditions. Catalysis Science & Technology, 8: 2686–2696.
  21. Barrientos, J., Gonzalez, N., Boutonnet, M., Järås, S. (2017). Deactivation of Ni/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts in CO Methanation: Effect of Zr, Mg, Ba and Ca Oxide Promoters. Topics in Catalysis, 60(17–18): 1276–1284.
  22. Teh, L.P., Triwahyono, S., Jalil, A.A., Mukti, R.R., Aziz, M.A.A., Shishido, T. (2015). Mesoporous ZSM5 Having Both Intrinsic Acidic and Basic Sites for Cracking and Methanation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 270: 196–204.
  23. Mulukutla, R.S., Shido, T., Asakura, K., Kogure, T., Iwasawa, Y. (2002). Characterization of Rhodium Oxide Nanoparticles in MCM-41 and Their Catalytic Performances for NO-CO Reactions in Excess O2. Applied Catalysis A: General, 228: 305–314.
  24. Vita, A., Italiano, C., Pino, L., Laganà, M., Recupero, V. (2017). Hydrogen-rich Gas Production by Steam Reforming of n-Dodecane. Part II: Stability, Regenerability and Sulfur Poisoning of Low Loading Rh-based Catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 218: 317–326.
  25. Li, B., Zhu, Y., Jin, X. (2015). Synthesis of Cobalt-containing Mesoporous Catalysts using the Ultrasonic-assisted “pH-Adjusting” Method: Importance of Cobalt species in Styrene Oxidation. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 221: 230–239.
  26. Díez-Ramírez, J., Sánchez, P., Kyriakou, V., Zafeiratos, S., Marnellos, G.E., Konsolakis, M., Dorado, F. (2017). Effect of Support Nature on the Cobalt-catalyzed CO2 Hydrogenation. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 21: 562–571.
  27. Yoshida, H., Nakajima, T., Yazawa, Y., Hattori, T. (2007). Support Effect on Methane Combustion over Palladium Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 71: 70–79.
  28. Cai, Y., Chen, X., Wang, Y., Qiu, M., Fan, Y. (2015). Fabrication of Palladium-titania Nanofiltration Membranes via a Colloidal Sol-gel Process. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 201: 202–209.
  29. Adams, E.C., Skoglundh, M., Folic, M., Bendixen, E.C., Gabrielsson, P., Carlsson, P. (2015). Ammonia Formation over Supported Platinum and Palladium Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 165: 10–19.
  30. Hairom, N.H.H., Mohammad, A.W., Kadhum, A.A.H. (2015). Influence of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in the Nanofiltration of Hazardous Congo Red Dyes. Chemical Engineering Journal, 260: 907–915.
  31. Teh, L.P., Triwahyono, S., Jalil, A.A., Mamat, C.R., Sidik, S.M., Fatah, N.A.A., Mukti, R.R., Shishido, T. (2015). Nickel-promoted Mesoporous ZSM5 for Carbon Monoxide Methanation. RSC Advances, 5: 64651–64660.
  32. Belharouak, I., Pol, V.G. (2012). Advances in Iorganic Phosphate Materials. John Wiley & Sons. 175-185.
  33. Bautista, F.M., Campelo, J.M., Garcia, A., Leon, R.M., Luna, D., Marinas, J.M., Romero, A.A., Navio, J.A., Maclas, M. (1999). Stucture, Textural, Acidity and Catalytic Performance of AIPO4-Caesium Oxide Catalysts in 2-Methyl-3-Butyn-2-ol Conversion. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 9: 827–835.
  34. Hassaninejad-Darzi, S.K. (2015). Fabrication of a Non-enzymatic Ni(II) Loaded ZSM-5 Nanozeolite and Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Paste Electrode as a Glucose Electrochemical Sensor. RSC Advances, 5: 105707–105718.
  35. Hosseinpour, M., Golzary, A., Saber, M., Yoshikawa, K. (2017). Denitrogenation of Biocrude Oil from Algal Biomass in High Temperature Water and Formic Acid Mixture over H+ZSM-5 Nanocatalyst. Fuel, 206: 628–637.
  36. Park, J.N., McFarland, E.W. (2009). A Highly Dispersed Pd-Mg/SiO2 Catalyst Active for Methanation of CO2. Journal of Catalysis, 266: 92–97.
  37. Le, M.C., Van, K.L., Nguyen, T.H.T., Nguyen, N.H. (2017). The Impact of Ce-Zr Addition on Nickel Dispersion and Catalytic Behavior for CO2 Methanation of Ni/AC Catalyst at Low Temperature. Journal of Chemistry, 2017: Article ID 4361056.
  38. Kim, A., Debecker, D.P., Devred, F., Dubois, V., Sanchez, C., Sassoye, C. (2018). CO2 Methanation on Ru/TiO2 Catalysts: On the Effect of Mixing Anatase and Rutile TiO2 Supports. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 220: 615–625.
  39. Panagiotopoulou, P., Kondarides, D.I., Verykios, X.E. (2008). Selective Methanation of CO over Supported Noble Metal Catalysts: Effects of the Nature of the Metallic Phase on Catalytic Performance. Applied Catalysis A: General, 344: 45–54.
  40. Tada, S., Kikuchi, R., Takagaki, A., Sugawara, T., Oyama, S.T., Satokawa, S. (2014). Effect of Metal Addition to Ru/TiO2 Catalyst on Selective CO Methanation. Catalysis Today, 232: 16–21.
  41. Aziz, M.A.A., Jalil, A.A., Triwahyono, S., Sidik, S.M. (2014). Methanation of Carbon Dioxide on Metal-promoted Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles. Applied Catalysis A: General, 486: 115–122.
  42. Miyao, T., Sakurabayashi, S., Shen, W., Higashiyama, K., Watanabe, M. (2015). Preparation and Catalytic Activity of a Mesoporous Silica-coated Ni-alumina-based Catalyst for Slective CO Methanation. Catalysis Communications, 58: 93–96.
  43. Bacariza, M.C., Graça, I., Bebiano, S.S., Lopes, J.M., Henriques, C. (2017). Magnesium as Promoter of the CO2 Methanation on Ni-based USY Zeolites. Energy Fuels, 31(9): 9776–9789.
  44. Cao, H., Zhang, J., Guo, C., Chen, J.G., Ren, X. (2017). Modifying Surface Properties of KIT-6 Zeolite with Ni and V for Enhancing Catalytic CO Methanation. Applied Surface Science, 426: 40–49.
  45. Quindimil, A., Torre, U.D., Pereda, B., González-Marcos, J.A., González-Velasco, J.R. (2018). Ni Catalysts with La as Promoter Supported over Y- and Beta- Zeolites for CO2 Methantion. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 238: 393–403.