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Catalytic CO Methanation over Mesoporous ZSM5 with Different Metal Promoters

1Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

3Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

4 Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

5 Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia

6 Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia

7 Sustainable Waste Management Research Group, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

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Received: 15 Nov 2018; Revised: 16 Jan 2019; Accepted: 17 Jan 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Asmida Ideris, Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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The carbon monoxide methanation has possessed huge potential as an effective method to produce synthetic natural gas (SNG). The basic requirements such as high catalytic activity at low temperatures (<500 °C) and high stability throughout all temperatures is needed for an ideal methanation catalysts. The ultimate goal of the study is to examine the influential of different metal promoters towards catalytic properties and catalytic CO methanation performance. A series of metal promoters (Rh, Co, Pd and Zn) mesoporous ZSM5 were synthesized using an incipient-wetness impregnation method and evaluated for catalytic CO methanation. XRD analysis showed that only metal oxides and no metallic phase of Rh, Co, Pd, and Zn were observed. The nitrogen physisorption analysis showed that mZSM5 possessed high surface area and micro-mesoporosity with intra- and interparticle pores. FESEM analysis illustrated that mZSM5 had typical coffin-type morphology and Rh metal dispersed on the surface of the support was confirmed by EDX analysis. Moreover, Rh (CO conversion = 95%, CH4 yield = 82%) and Co (CO conversion = 91%, CH4 yield = 71%) promoters showed significant improvement in CO methanation. On the other hand, Pd (CO conversion = 18%, CH4 yield = 12%) and Zn (CO conversion = 10%, CH4 yield = 9%) promoters had only low benefit to the CO methanation. This study affirmed that the catalytic activity of CO methanation was influenced by the variation in the type of metal loading due to different nature of metallic phases and their synergistic interaction with the supporting material. 

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Keywords: Synthetic Natural Gas; CO Methanation; Mesoporous ZSM5; Metal Promoters; Rh
Funding: Young Researcher Incentive Grant (GGPM-2017-075) by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Post-doctoral Research Grant (No. 04E07) by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

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