Synthesis of Titania Doped Copper Ferrite Photocatalyst and Its Photoactivity towards Methylene Blue Degradation under Visible Light Irradiation

Md. Noor Arifin -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Kaykobad Md. Rezaul Karim -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Hamidah Abdullah -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
*Maksudur R Khan -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Received: 15 Nov 2018; Revised: 14 Jan 2019; Accepted: 17 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This paper reports the photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue (MB) over titania doped copper ferrite, CuFe2O4/TiO2 with 50 wt% loading, synthesized via sol-gel method. The synthesized photocatalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-vis diffuse reflectance, and photoluminescence, Mott-Schottky (MS) analysis and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The catalyst loadings were varied from 0.25 – 1.0 g/L and the optimum catalyst loading found to be 0.5 g/L. At the optimum loading, the conversion achieved was 83.7%. The other loadings produced slightly lower conversions at 82.7%, 80.6% and 80.0%, corresponding to 0.25, 1 and 0.75 g/L after 3 hours of irradiation. The study on the effect of initial concentration indicated that 20 ppm as the optimum concentration, tested with 0.5 g/L catalyst loading. The spent catalyst was used for the recyclability test and demonstrated a high longevity with a degradation efficiency less than 6 % for each time interval. The novelty of this study lies on the new application of photocatalytic material, CuFe2O4/TiO2 on thiazine dye that shows remarkable activity and reusability performance under visible light irradiation. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved


Other format:

Copper Ferrite; Photocatalysis; Titania; Methylene Blue
Cover Image

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 195 123
  1. Xu, C., G.P. Rangaiah, X.S. Zhao. (2014). Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue by Titanium Dioxide: Experimental and Modeling Study. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 53(38): 14641-14649.
  2. Hoffmann, M.R.M., S. T.; Choi, W. (1995). Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis. Chem. Rev., 95(1): 69-96.
  3. Aziz, H.A. Alias, S., Adlan, M.N., Faridah; Asaari, A.H., Zahari, M.S. (2007). Colour removal from landfill leachate by coagulation and flocculation processes. Bioresour. Technol. 98(1): 218-220.
  4. Basavarao, V., S. Rammohanrao (2006). Adsorption studies on treatment of textile dyeing industrial effluent by flyash. Chemical Engineering Journal. 116(1): 77-84.
  5. Ashtekar, V.S., Bhandari, V.M., Shirsath, S.R., Sai Chandra, P.L.V.N., Jolhe, P.D., Ghodke, S.A. (2014). Dye Wastewater Treatment: Removal of Reactive Dyes Using Inorganic and Organic Coagulants. Journal of Industrial Pollution Control. 30(1): 33-42
  6. Sivakumar, S., Selvaraj, A., Ramasamy, A. K., Balasubramanian, V. (2013). Enhanced Photocatalytic Degradation of Reactive Dyes over FeTiO3/TiO2 Heterojunction in the Presence of H2O2. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 224(5): 1529
  7. Sobana, N., M. Muruganadham, M. Swaminathan. (2006) Nano-Ag particles doped TiO2 for efficient photodegradation of Direct azo dyes. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. 258(1-2): 124-132.
  8. Li, X., Yu, J., Wageh, S., Al-Ghamdi, A.A., Xie, J. (2016). Graphene in Photocatalysis: A Review. Small. 12(48): 6640-6696.
  9. Li, L., Wang, X., Lan, Y., Gu, W., Zhang, S. (2013). Synthesis, Photocatalytic and Electrocatalytic Activities of Wormlike GdFeO3 Nanoparticles by a Glycol-Assisted Sol–Gel Process. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 52(26): 9130-9136.
  10. Yan, H., Wang, X., Yao, M., Yao, X. (2013). Band structure design of semiconductors for enhanced photocatalytic activity: The case of TiO2. Progress in Natural Science: Materials International. 23(4): 402-407.
  11. Ng, K.H., Lee, C.H., Khan, M.R., Cheng, C.K. (2016). Photocatalytic degradation of recalcitrant POME waste by using silver doped titania: Photokinetics and scavenging studies. Chemical Engineering Journal. 286: 282-290.
  12. Kezzim, A., Nasrallah, N., Abdi, A., Trari, M. (2011). Visible light induced hydrogen on the novel hetero-system CuFe2O4/TiO2. Energy Conversion and Management. 52(8-9): 2800-2806.
  13. Yao, Y., Lu, F., Zhu, Y., Wei, F., Liu, X., Lian, C., Wang, S. (2015). Magnetic core-shell CuFe2O4@C3N4 hybrids for visible light photocatalysis of Orange II. J Hazard Mater, 297: 224-233.
  14. Li, M., Xiong, Y., Liu, X., Bo, X., Zhang, Y., Han, C., Guo, L. (2015). Facile synthesis of electrospun MFe2O4 (M = Co, Ni, Cu, Mn) spinel nanofibers with excellent electrocatalytic properties for oxygen evolution and hydrogen peroxide reduction. Nanoscale, 7(19): 8920-30.
  15. Yan, J., Yang, H., Tang, Y., Lu, Z., Zheng, S., Yao, M., Han, Y. (2009). Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of CuYyFe2-yO4-CuCo2O4 nanocomposites for H2 evolution under visible light irradiation. Renewable Energy. 34(11): 2399-2403.
  16. Yang, H., Yan, J., Lu, Z., Cheng, X., Tang, Y. 2009). Photocatalytic activity evaluation of tetragonal CuFe2O4 nanoparticles for the H2 evolution under visible light irradiation. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 476(1-2): 715-719.
  17. Lemine, O.M., (2009). Microstructural characterisation of nanoparticles using, XRD line profiles analysis, FE-SEM and FT-IR. Superlattices and Microstructures. 45(6): 576-582.
  18. Karim, K.M.R., Ong, H.R., Abdullah, H., Yousuf, A., Cheng, C.K., Khan, M.M.R. (2018). Electrochemical Study of Copper Ferrite as a Catalyst for CO2 Photoelectrochemical Reduction. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 13(2): 236-244.
  19. Uddin, M.R., Khan, M.M.R., Rahman, M.W., Cheng, C.K. (2015). Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 into methanol over CuFe2O4/TiO2 under visible light irradiation. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis. 116(2): 589-604.
  20. Tahir, M., N.S. Amin, (2015). Indium-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2O vapors to CH4. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 162: 98-109.
  21. Miyashita, K., Kuroda, S., Tajima, S., Takehira, K., Tobita, S., Kubota, H. (2003). Photoluminescence study of electron–hole recombination dynamics in the vacuum-deposited SiO2/TiO2 multilayer film with photo-catalytic activity. Chemical Physics Letters. 369(1-2): 225-231.
  22. Liqiang, J., Yichun, Q., Baiqi, W., Shudan, L., Baojiang, J., Libin, Y., Wei, F., Honggang, F., Jiazhong, S. (2006). Review of photoluminescence performance of nano-sized semiconductor materials and its relationships with photocatalytic activity. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90(12): 1773-1787.
  23. Yan, J., Gu, J., Wang, X., Fan, Y., Zhao, Y., Lian, J., Xu, Y., Song, Y., Xu, H., Li, H. (2017). Design of 3D WO3/h-BN nanocomposites for efficient visible-light-driven photocatalysis. RSC Advances. 7(40): 25160-25170.
  24. Taffa, D.H., Dillert, R., Ulpe, A.C., Bauerfeind, K.C.L., Bredow, T., Bahnemann, D.W., Wark, M. (2016). Photoelectrochemical and theoretical investigations of spinel type ferrites (MxFe3-xO4) for water splitting: a mini-review. Journal of Photonics for Energy. 7(1): 012009
  25. Wisitsoraat, A., Tuantranont, A., Comini, E., Sberveglieri, G., Wlodarski, W. (2009). Characterization of n-type and p-type semiconductor gas sensors based on NiOx doped TiO2 thin films. Thin Solid Films. 517(8): 2775-2780.
  26. Ng, K.H., C.K. Cheng, (2016). Photo-polishing of POME into CH4-lean biogas over the UV-responsive ZnO photocatalyst. Chemical Engineering Journal. 300: 127-138.
  27. Kirankumar, V.S., B. Hardik, S. Sumathi, (2017). Photocatalytic degradation of congo red using copper substituted cobalt ferrite. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 263: 022027
  28. Cheng, C.K., Deraman, M.R., Ng, K.H., Khan, M.R. (2016) Preparation of titania doped argentum photocatalyst and its photoactivity towards palm oil mill effluent degradation. Journal of Cleaner Production. 112: 1128-1135.