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Intercalations and Characterization of Zinc/Aluminium Layered Double Hydroxide-Cinnamic Acid

1Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia

2Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

3Material Technology Group, Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Kajang, Malaysia

Received: 1 Oct 2018; Revised: 8 Dec 2018; Accepted: 12 Dec 2018; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Asmida Ideris, Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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Cinnamic acid (CA) is known to lose its definite function by forming into radicals that able to penetrate into the skin and lead to health issues. Incorporating CA into zinc/aluminum-layered double hydroxides (Zn/Al-LDH) able to reduce photodegradation and eliminate close contact between skin and CA. Co-precipitation or direct method used by using zinc nitrate hexahydrate and aluminium nitrate nonahydrate as starting precursors with addition of various concentration of CA. The pH were kept constant at 7 ± 0.5. Fourier Transform Infrared-Attenuated Total Reflectance (FTIR-ATR) shows the presence of nanocomposites peak 3381 cm1 for OH group, 1641 cm1 for C=O group, 1543 cm1 for C=C group and 1206 cm1 for C–O group  and disappearance of  N–O peak at 1352 cm1 indicates that cinnamic acid were intercalated in between the layered structures. Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD) analysis for Zn/Al-LDH show the basal spacing of 9.0 Ǻ indicates the presence of nitrate and increases to 18.0 Ǻ in basal spacing in 0.4M Zn/Al-LDH-CA. CHNS analysis stated that 40 % of cinnamic acid were being found and intercalated in between the interlayer region of the Zn/Al-LDH with higher thermal stability. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) images of 0.4 M Zn/Al-LDH-CA shows that the nanocomposites are in more compact, flaky non porous, large agglomerates with smooth the surfaces of the intercalated compound. Controlled release was successful with 80 % release in phosphite anion and 70 % release carbonate anion. The cinnamic acid was successfully inserted between the interlayer regions of Zn/Al-LDH with slow release formulation. 

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Keywords: Layered double hydroxide; cinnamic acid; co-precipitation; intercalation; sunscreen agent
Funding: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2016/STG01/UITM/02/4) for the financial support. The gratitude also apply to Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) and Nuclear Agency Malaysia

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