Development of CaO/PVA Catalyst from Fish Bone for Biodiesel Production

*Sarina Sulaiman  -  Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia
Nor Fatin Abdul Jamaludin  -  Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia
Nassereldeen Ahmed Kabbashi  -  Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia
Received: 1 Oct 2018; Revised: 28 Sep 2018; Accepted: 30 Sep 2018; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
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In this study, calcium oxide were synthesized from fish bone waste and the optimum condition : catalyst amount, temperature and methanol to oil ratio (molar) for biodiesel production were studied. The calcium oxide (CaO) derived from fish bone wastes was then supported on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to easily separate the catalyst and biodiesel. Fish bone were dried in oven at 70 oC for 24 hr before calcination process at 900 oC for 4 hours. The biodiesel yield was studied by varying three parameters, namely methanol to oil ratio (molar) (6:1 - 20:1), amount of catalyst (1-10 wt%) and temperature (55-65 oC). The highest yield obtained from this study was at 80.40 % with catalyst amount of 10 wt%, methanol to oil ratio (molar) of 20:1 and temperature of 65  oC. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved


Keywords: Calcium Oxide; Fish Bone; Calcination; Biodiesel; PVA; Transesterification

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