Development of CaO/PVA Catalyst from Fish Bone for Biodiesel Production

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.0.0.3327.xxx-xxx
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Article Info
Submitted: 01-10-2018
Published: 15-04-2019
Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
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In this study, calcium oxide were synthesized from fish bone waste and the optimum condition : catalyst amount, temperature and methanol to oil ratio (molar) for biodiesel production were studied. The calcium oxide (CaO) derived from fish bone wastes was then supported on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to easily separate the catalyst and biodiesel. Fish bone were dried in oven at 70 oC for 24 hr before calcination process at 900 oC for 4 hours. The biodiesel yield was studied by varying three parameters, namely methanol to oil ratio (molar) (6:1 - 20:1), amount of catalyst (1-10 wt%) and temperature (55-65 oC). The highest yield obtained from this study was at 80.40 % with catalyst amount of 10 wt%, methanol to oil ratio (molar) of 20:1 and temperature of 65  oC. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 20th January 2018; Revised: 28th September 2018; Accepted: 30th September 2018; Available online: 25th January 2019; Published regularly: April 2019

How to Cite: Sulaiman, S., Jamaludin, N.F.A., Kabbashi, N.A. (2019). Development of CaO/PVA Catalyst from Fish Bone for Biodiesel Production. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 14 (1): xxx-xxx (doi:10.9767/bcrec.14.1.3327.153-157)

Permalink/DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.3327.153-157

 

Keywords

Calcium Oxide; Fish Bone; Calcination; Biodiesel; PVA; Transesterification

  1. Sarina Sulaiman 
    Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) , Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  2. Nor Fatin Abdul Jamaludin 
    Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) , Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  3. Nassereldeen Ahmed Kabbashi 
    Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) , Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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