Utilization of Lapindo Volcanic Mud for Enhanced Sono-sorption Removal of Acid Orange 52

*Nur Hidayatul Nazirah Kamarudin -  Centre for Sustainable Process Technology (CESPRO), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia Chemical Engineering Programme, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Herma Dina Setiabudi -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Aishah Abdul Jalil -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia , 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Siti Hazirah Adam -  Environmental and Occupational Health Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia , 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Nur Fatien Muhamad Salleh -  Environmental and Occupational Health Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia , 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Received: 1 Oct 2018; Revised: 22 Dec 2018; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
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Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
Language: EN
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Abstract

This study applied ultrasonic irradiation technique to remove acid orange 52 (AO52) and in the meantime utilizing the potential adsorbent, Lapindo volcanic mud (LVM). LVM was collected from the erupted mud in Sidoarjo, Indonesia and calcined prior the adsorption process. Previously in another study, Lapindo was proven to be efficient for adsorption of dyes in single adsorption method. In this study, the combination of adsorption with ultrasound, or as known as sono-sorption shows that the adsorptivity increased from 95.54 mg/g to 129.5 mg/g. The isotherm study shows that this process obeyed Langmuir isotherm model with adsorption capacity of 833.33 mg/g. The enhancement of sono-sorption method as compared to conventional method is believed to be resulted from the facilitated mass transfer driven by the ultrasound, along with the adsorption ability of LVM. The kinetic study fit to the pseudo second order equation. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords
Methyl orange; Lapindo volcanic mud; Ultrasonic irradiation; Adsorption

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