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Utilization of Lapindo Volcanic Mud for Enhanced Sono-sorption Removal of Acid Orange 52

1Centre for Sustainable Process Technology (CESPRO), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

2Chemical Engineering Programme, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

3Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

5 Environmental and Occupational Health Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

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Received: 1 Oct 2018; Revised: 22 Dec 2018; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Asmida Ideris, Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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This study applied ultrasonic irradiation technique to remove acid orange 52 (AO52) and in the meantime utilizing the potential adsorbent, Lapindo volcanic mud (LVM). LVM was collected from the erupted mud in Sidoarjo, Indonesia and calcined prior the adsorption process. Previously in another study, Lapindo was proven to be efficient for adsorption of dyes in single adsorption method. In this study, the combination of adsorption with ultrasound, or as known as sono-sorption shows that the adsorptivity increased from 95.54 mg/g to 129.5 mg/g. The isotherm study shows that this process obeyed Langmuir isotherm model with adsorption capacity of 833.33 mg/g. The enhancement of sono-sorption method as compared to conventional method is believed to be resulted from the facilitated mass transfer driven by the ultrasound, along with the adsorption ability of LVM. The kinetic study fit to the pseudo second order equation. 

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Keywords: Methyl orange; Lapindo volcanic mud; Ultrasonic irradiation; Adsorption
Funding: Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia (MOSTI) for the financial supports under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2016/STG07/UKM/03/1)

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