Egg-shell Treated Oil Palm Fronds (EG-OPF) as Low-Cost Adsorbent for Methylene Blue Removal

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.3322.158-164
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Article Info
Submitted: 01-10-2018
Published: 15-04-2019
Section: The 4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018)
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A new adsorbent (egg-shell treated oil palm fronds (EG-OPF)) prepared from wastes was evaluated for methylene blue (MB) removal. Optimization among three significant variables (initial concentration (X1), initial pH (X2), and adsorbent dosage (X3)) were executed using response surface methodology (RSM). The most excellent performance was marked at X1 = 291.7 mg/L, X2 = pH 5, and X3 = 1.82 g/L, with MB removal of 80.26 %. The kinetic study was fitted perfectly with the pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.990), indicating the chemisorption process. The isotherm study was found to follow the Langmuir isotherm model (R2 = 0.999), with maximal adsorption magnitude of 714.3 mg/g, implying the monolayer adsorption on a homogenous adsorbent surface. The reusability study affirmed the feasibility of EG-OPF in MB removal, credited to its excellent performance during reusability studies. The present study successfully discovered a new low-cost adsorbent (EG-OPF) for MB removal. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 1st October 2018; Revised: 28th October 2018; Accepted: 14th November 2018; Available online: 25th January 2019; Published regularly: April 2019

How to Cite: Hasan, R., Ahliyasah, N.A.F., Chong, C.C., Jusoh, R., Setiabudi, H.D. (2019). Egg-shell Treated Oil Palm Fronds (EG-OPF) as Low-Cost Adsorbent for Methylene Blue Removal. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 14 (1): 158-164 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.14.1.3322.158-164)

Permalink/DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.3322.158-164

 

Keywords

Adsorption; Low-Cost Adsorbent; Optimization; Methylene Blue

  1. Rosalyza Hasan 
    Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  2. Nur Aida Farihin Ahliyasah 
    Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  3. Chi Cheng Chong 
    Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  4. Rohayu Jusoh 
    Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  5. Herma Dina Setiabudi 
    Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang , 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, Malaysia
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