skip to main content

Cymbopogon nardus Mediated Synthesis of Ag Nanoparticles for the Photocatalytic Degradation of 2,4-Dicholorophenoxyacetic Acid

1Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

2Department of Chemical Process Engineering, Malaysia–Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang, Malaysia

Received: 1 Oct 2018; Revised: 12 Nov 2018; Accepted: 12 Dec 2018; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract

Advanced extraction method such as simultaneous ultrasonic–hydrodistillation (UAE–HD) extraction method has been proved to increased extraction yield of plant material yet the application of this method in the preparation of metal nanoparticles has not been studied. In this study, Cymbopogon nardus (C.N) extracted via UAE-HD extraction method was used to synthesis silver (Ag) nanoparticles. XRD and TEM analysis confirms the formation of spherical shape Ag nanoparticles with size ranging between 10-50 nm. FTIR spectra suggest the presence of bioactive compounds in the C.N leaves extract that may responsible to the stabilization and reduction of Ag ions (Ag+) to metallic Ag nanoparticles (Ag0). The TPC analysis successfully proved that huge number of phenolic compound greatly involved in the nanoparticles synthesis process. Next, the catalytic activity of the synthesized Ag nanoparticles was tested towards the degradation of 2,4-Dicholorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide with remarkable degradation performance up to 98%. Kinetic study confirms that surface reaction was the controlling step of the catalytic process. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Silver Nanoparticles; Cymbopogon nardus; Ultrasonic-hydrodistillation; 2,4-D herbicide
Funding: Ministry of Higher Education financial for the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (Grant No. RDU160154) and University Malaysia Pahang for the Internal University Grant (Grant No. RDU180383)

Article Metrics:

  1. Khoshnood, M., Azizian, S. (2012). Adsorption of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid pesticide by graphitic carbon nanostructures prepared from biomasses. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 18: 1796-1800
  2. Shankar, M., Anandan, S., Venkatachalam, N., Arabindoo, B., Murugesan, V. (2006). Fine route for an efficient removal of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) by zeolite-supported TiO2. Chemosphere, 63:1014-1021
  3. Derakhshan, Z., Baghapour, M.A., Ranjbar, M., Faramarzian, M. (2013). Adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions by modified pumice stone: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Health Scope, 2 :136-144
  4. Hu, X., Sun, Z., Song, J., Zhang, G., Zheng, S. (2018). Facile synthesis of nano-TiO2/stellerite composite with efficient photocatalytic degradation of phenol. Advanced Powder Technology
  5. Yin, R., Ling, L., Xiang, Y., Yang, Y., Bokare, A.D., Shang, C. (2018). Enhanced photocatalytic reduction of chromium (VI) by Cu-doped TiO2 under UV-A irradiation. Separation and Purification Technology, 190: 53-59
  6. Khani, R., Roostaei, B., Bagherzade, G., Moudi, M. (2018). Green synthesis of copper nanoparticles by fruit extract of Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Willd.: Application for adsorption of triphenylmethane dye and antibacterial assay. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 255: 541-549
  7. Mallikarjuna, K., Bathula, C., Buruga, K., Shrestha, N.K., Noh, Y.-Y., Kim, H. (2017). Green synthesis of palladium nanoparticles using fenugreek tea and their catalytic applications in organic reactions. Materials Letters, 205:138-141
  8. Sur, U.K., Ankamwar, B., Karmakar, S., Halder, A., Das, P. (2018). Green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles using the plant extract of Shikakai and Reetha. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5: 2321-2329
  9. Khodadadi, B., Bordbar, M., Nasrollahzadeh, M. (2017). Achillea millefolium L. extract mediated green synthesis of waste peach kernel shell supported silver nanoparticles: Application of the nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of a variety of dyes in water. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 493: 85-93
  10. Anbuvannan, M., Ramesh, M., Viruthagiri, G., Shanmugam, N., Kannadasan, N. (2015). Anisochilus carnosus leaf extract mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles for antibacterial and photocatalytic activitie. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 39: 621-628
  11. Nava, O., Luque, P., Gómez-Gutiérrez, C., Vilchis-Nestor, A., Castro-Beltrán, A., Mota-González, M., Olivas, A. (2017). Influence of Camellia sinensis extract on Zinc Oxide nanoparticle green synthesis. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1134: 121-125
  12. Dranca, F., Oroian, M. (2016). Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of total monomeric anthocyanin (TMA) and total phenolic content (TPC) from eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) peel. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 31: 637-646
  13. Irfan, M., Moniruzzaman, M., Ahmad, T., Mandal, P.C., Bhattacharjee, S., Abdullah, B. (2017). Ionic liquid based extraction of flavonoids from Elaeis guineensis leaves and their applications for gold nanoparticles synthesis. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 241: 270-278
  14. Mittal, A.K., Kumar, S., Banerjee, U.C. (2014). Quercetin and gallic acid mediated synthesis of bimetallic (silver and selenium) nanoparticles and their antitumor and antimicrobial potential. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 431: 194-199
  15. Armani, M.A., Abu-Taleb, A., Remalli, N., Abdullah, M., Srikanth, V.V., Labhasetwar, N.K. (2016). Dragon's blood-aided synthesis of Ag/Ag2O core/shell nanostructures and Ag/Ag2O decked multi-layered graphene for efficient As (iii) uptake from water and antibacterial activity. RSC Advances, 6: 44145-44153
  16. Ahluwalia, V., Elumalai, S., Kumar, V., Kumar, S., Sangwan, R.S. (2018). Nano silver particle synthesis using Swertia paniculata herbal extract and its antimicrobial activity. Microbial Pathogenesis, 114: 402-408
  17. Kumar, V., Gundampati, R.K., Singh, D.K., Jagannadham, M.V., Sundar, S., Hasan, S.H. (2016). Photo-induced rapid biosynthesis of silver nanoparticle using aqueous extract of Xanthium strumarium and its antibacterial and antileishmanial activity. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 37: 224-236
  18. Jusoh, R., Jalil, A., Triwahyono, S., Idris, A., Noordin, M. (2015). Photodegradation of 2-chlorophenol over colloidal a-FeOOH supported mesostructured silica nanoparticles: Influence of a pore expander and reaction optimization. Separation and Purification Technology, 149: 55-64
  19. Fattahi, S., Zabihi, E., Abedian, Z., Pourbagher, R., Ardekani, A.M., Mostafazadeh, A., Akhavan-Niaki, H. (2014). Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of aqueous extract of stinging nettle and in vitro antiproliferative effect on hela and BT-474 Cell lines. International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, 3: 102-107
  20. Verma, D.K., Hasan, S.H., Banik, R.M. (2016). Photo-catalyzed and phyto-mediated rapid green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using herbal extract of Salvinia molesta and its antimicrobial efficacy. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 155: 51-59
  21. Rajakumar, G., Gomathi, T., Thiruvengadam, M., Rajeswari, V.D., Kalpana, V., Chung, I.-M. (2017). Evaluation of anti-cholinesterase, antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using from Millettia pinnata flower extract. Microbial pathogenesis, 103: 123-128
  22. Saraswathi, V.S., Tatsugi, J., Shin, P.-K., Santhakumar, K. (2017). Facile biosynthesis, characterization, and solar assisted photocatalytic effect of ZnO nanoparticles mediated by leaves of L. speciosa. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 167: 89-98
  23. Nava, O., Soto-Robles, C., Gómez-Gutiérrez, C., Vilchis-Nestor, A., Castro-Beltrán, A., Olivas, A., Luque, P. (2017). Fruit peel extract mediated green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1147: 1-6
  24. Anjum, S., Abbasi, B.H. (2016). Biomimetic synthesis of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles using in vitro-propagated plantlets of a medicinally important endangered species: Phlomis bracteosa. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 11: 1663-1675
  25. Lakshmanan, G., Sathiyaseelan, A., Kalaichelvan, P., Murugesan, K. (2017). Plant-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles using fruit extract of Cleome viscosa L.: Assessment of their antibacterial and anticancer activity. Karbala International Journal of Modern Science, 4: 61-68
  26. Arunachalam, R., Dhanasingh, S., Kalimuthu, B., Uthirappan, M., Rose, C., Mandal, A.B. (2012). Phytosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Coccinia grandis leaf extract and its application in the photocatalytic degradation. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 94: 226-230
  27. Saraswathi, V.S., Santhakumar, K. (2017). Photocatalytic activity against azo dye and cytotoxicity on MCF-7 cell lines of zirconium oxide nanoparticle mediated using leaves of Lagerstroemia speciosa. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 169: 47-55
  28. Ramesh, P., Kokila, T., Geetha, D. (2015). Plant mediated green synthesis and antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles using Emblica officinalis fruit extract. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 142: 339-343
  29. Saravanan, A., Kumar, P.S., Devi, G.K., Arumugam, T. (2016). Synthesis and characterization of metallic nanoparticles impregnated onto activated carbon using leaf extract of Mukia maderasapatna: Evaluation of antimicrobial activities. Microbial Pathogenesis, 97: 198-203
  30. Varadavenkatesan, T., Vinayagam, R., Selvaraj, R. (2017). Structural characterization of silver nanoparticles phyto-mediated by a plant waste, seed hull of Vigna mungo and their biological applications. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1147: 629-635
  31. Siripireddy, B., Mandal, B.K. (2017). Facile green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles by Eucalyptus globulus and their photocatalytic and antioxidant activity. Advanced Powder Technology, 28: 785-797
  32. Kumar, B., Smita, K., Cumbal, L., Debut, A. (2015). Ultrasound agitated phytofabrication of palladium nanoparticles using Andean blackberry leaf and its photocatalytic activity. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 19: 574-580
  33. Ahmed, M. (2012). Synthesis and structural features of mesoporous NiO/TiO2 nanocomposites prepared by sol-gel method for photodegradation of methylene blue dye. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 238: 63-70
  34. Borodina, V., Mirgorod, Y.A. (2014). Kinetics and mechanism of the interaction between HAuCl 4 and rutin. Kinetics and Catalysis, 55: 683-687
  35. Zielińska-Jurek, A., Klein, M., Hupka, J. (2017). Enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity of Pt/I-TiO2 in a slurry system and supported on glass packing. Separation and Purification Technology, 189: 246-252
  36. Ince, A.E., Sahin, S., Sumnu, G. (2014). Comparison of microwave and ultrasound-assisted extraction techniques for leaching of phenolic compounds from nettle, Journal of Food Science and Technology, 51: 2776-2782
  37. Saleh, I.A., Vinatoru, M., Mason, T., Abdel-Azim, N., Aboutabl, E., Hammouda, F. (2016). A possible general mechanism for ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) suggested from the results of UAE of chlorogenic acid from Cynara scolymus L.(artichoke) leaves. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 31: 330-336
  38. Nagajyothi, P., Pandurangan, M., Vattikuti, S., Tettey, C., Sreekanth, T., Shim, J. (2017). Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Ag/g-C3N4 composite. Separation and Purification Technology, 188: 228-237
  39. Idris, A., Hassan, N., Rashid, R., Ngomsik, A.-F. (2011). Kinetic and regeneration studies of photocatalytic magnetic separable beads for chromium (VI) reduction under sunlight. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186: 629-635
  40. Feng, X., Guo, H., Patel, K., Zhou, H., Lou, X. (2014). High performance, recoverable Fe3O4ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced photocatalytic degradation of phenol. Chemical Engineering Journal, 244: 327-334
  41. Jaafar, N., Jalil, A., riwahyono, S. , Efendi, TJ., Mukti, R., Jusoh, R., Jusoh, N., Karim, A., Salleh, N., Suendo, V. (2015). Direct in situ activation of Ag0 nanoparticles in synthesis of Ag/TiO2 and its photoactivity. Applied Surface Science, 338: 75-84

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.