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Direct Synthesis of Sodalite from Indonesian Kaolin for Adsorption of Pb2+ Solution, Kinetics, and Isotherm Approach

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

2Centre of Advanced Material and Energy Sciences, University Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

4 Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

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Received: 17 Jul 2018; Revised: 21 Mar 2019; Accepted: 23 Mar 2019; Available online: 30 Sep 2019; Published: 1 Dec 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Indonesian kaolin was used as precursor for synthesis of sodalite. Synthesis parameters were optimized by varying the Si/Al ratios, stirring and aging conditions, and water composition. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive Xray (SEM-EDX), and Particle Size Analyzer (PSA) were used to characterize sodalite. The potential of sodalite as adsorbent for heavy metal Pb2+ ions removal from waste water was investigated in this work. The uptake adsorption capacities of sodalite was 90-100 mg/g from synthesized sodalite crystallized for 24 and 48 hours, and commercial silica. The kinetic of Pb2+ adsorption was a pseudo second order reaction and the adsorption coefficients was followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm.

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Keywords: Sodalite; Kaolin; kinetics; Pb2+ adsorption; Isotherm

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