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Removal of Iron(II) Using Intercalated Ca/Al Layered Double Hydroxides with [α-SiW12O40]4-

1Environmental Science Study, Graduate Program, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

Received: 1 Jul 2018; Revised: 5 Nov 2018; Accepted: 9 Nov 2018; Available online: 30 Apr 2019; Published: 1 Aug 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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Ca/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) was successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method at pH 11 under room temperature condition then followed by calcination at 800 oC. The synthesized Ca/Al LDH was further intercalated with Keggin ion [α-SiW12O40]4- in order to prepare the intercalated form of Ca/Al LDH. The synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and used as an adsorbent for iron(II) removal from the aqueous medium. The adsorption performance was investigated by studying the kinetics and thermodynamic properties of the adsorption process. The results showed that pristine Ca/Al LDH exhibited diffraction peak at 2θ about 20o which corresponds to the layer structure of the LDH material. For the intercalated Ca/Al LDH, the diffraction observed at 2θ around 30-40o indicated that the [α-SiW12O40]4- was successfully intercalated into the interlayer space of Ca/Al LDH. Furthermore, the intercalated Ca/Al LDH showed higher adsorption capacity toward iron(II) than the pristine form of Ca/Al LDH. 

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Keywords: Layered Double Hydroxides; Iron(II); Keggin Ion; Adsorption
Funding: Universitas Sriwijaya through “Hibah Profesi” 2017/2018 contract no. 987/UN9.3.1/PP/2017

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