Kinetic of Anthocyanin Degradation in Roselle Extract Dried with Foaming Agent at Different Temperatures

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Submitted: 30-06-2018
Published: 07-01-2019
Section: Original Research Articles
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This research was to study the effect of drying temperature on the kinetic degradation of anthocyanin in roselle extract drying with foam under dehumidified air at various operational temperatures ranging 40 – 60oC.  During the drying process, the anthocyanin content in the roselle extract was observed every 20 minutes for 120 minutes. The data was used for estimating the kinetic parameters of anthocyanin degradation.  Result showed that the anthocyanins degradation followed the first order reaction. Using validated parameters in Arrhenius correlation, the constant rate of anthocyanin degradation at various drying temperatures can be predicted.  Hence, the retention of anthocyanin during the drying can be well estimated. 

Received: 30th June 2018; Revised: 6th January 2019; Accepted: 7th January 2019


Anthocyanin; Degradation; Drying; Foam Mat; Roselle

  1. Setia Budi Sasongko  Scopus Sinta
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
  2. Mohamad Djaeni  Scopus Sinta
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
  3. Febiani Dwi Utari  Scopus
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
    Master Student in Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
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