skip to main content

Kinetic of Adsorption Process of Sulfonated Carbon-derived from Eichhornia crassipes in the Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solution

1Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman, Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75123, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

3Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Received: 20 Apr 2018; Revised: 28 Aug 2018; Accepted: 4 Sep 2018; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

Citation Format:
Cover Image

The evaluation of kinetic adsorption process of sulfonated carbon-derived from Eichhornia crassipes in the adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution has been carried out. The sulfonated carbon-derived from E. crassipes (EGS-600) was prepared by carbonation of E. crassipes powder at 600 °C for 1 h, followed by sulfonation with concentrated sulfuric acid for 3 h. The physical properties of the adsorbents were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies. Adsorption study using methylene blue dye was carried out by varying the contact time and initial dye concentration for investigated kinetics adsorption models. The effect of varying temperature was used to determine the thermodynamic parameter value of ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS. The results showed that the equilibrium adsorption capacity was 98% when EGS-600 is used as an adsorbent. The methylene blue dye adsorption onto adsorbent takes place spontaneity and follows a pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic model. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth); methylene blue; adsorption; sulfonation; carbon
Funding: Islamic Development Bank (IDB) project and Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Mulawarman, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

Article Metrics:

  1. Yi, J.Z., Zhang, L.M. (2008). Removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution by adsorption onto sodium humate/polycrylamide/clay hybrid hydrogels, Bioresour. Technol. 99: 2182-2186
  2. Wanyonyi, W.C., Onyari, J.M., Shiundu, P.M. (2013). Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Eichhornia crassipes, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 91(3): 362-366
  3. Kumar, P.S., Ramalingam, S., Sathishkumar, K. (2011). Removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from cashew nut shell as a new low-cost adsorbent. Korean J. Chem. Eng., 28(1): 149-155
  4. Nigam, P., Armour, G., Banat, L.M., Singh, D., Marchant, R. (2000). Physical removal of textile dyes from effluents and solid-sate fermentation of dye-adsorbed agriculturalresidues. Bioresour. Technol. 72: 219-226
  5. Alinsafi, A., Khemis, M., Pons, M.N., Leclerc, J.P., Yaacoubi, A., Benhammou, A., Nejmeddine, A. (2005). Electro-coagulation of reactive textile dyes and textile wastewater. Chem. Eng. Process. 44: 461-470
  6. Alkan, M., Celikcapa, S., Demirbas, O., Dogan, M. (2005). Removal of reactive blue 221 and acid blue 62 anionic dyes from aqueous solution by sepiolite. Dyes and Pigments, 65: 251-259
  7. Karaoglu, M.H., Dogan, M., Alkan, M. (2010). Removal of Reactive Blue 221 by Kaolinite from Aqueous Solution. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49:1534-1540
  8. Pelekani, C., Snoeyink, V.L. (2000). Competitive adsorption between antrazine and methylene blue on activated carbon: the importance of pore size distribution. Carbon, 38: 1423-1436
  9. Pavan, F.A., Mazzocato, A.C., Gushikem, Y. (2008). Removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution by adsorption using yellow passion fruit peel as adsorbent. Bioresour. Technol., 99: 3162-3165
  10. Sun, Q., Yang, L. (2003). The adsorption of basic dyes from aqueous solution on modified peat-resin particle. Water Research, 37: 1535-1544
  11. Muthukumar, M., Selvakumar, N. (2004). Studies on the effect of inorganic salts on decolouration of acid dye effluent by ozonation. Dyes and Pigments, 62: 221-228
  12. Sikaily, A.E., Khaled, A., Nemr, A.E., Abdelwahab, O. (2006). Removal of Methylene Blue from aqueous solution by marine green alga Ulva lactuca. Chem. Ecol., 22: 149-157
  13. Park, C., Lee, M., Lee, B., Kim, S.W., Chase, H.A., Lee, J., Kim, S. (2007). Biodegradation and biosorption for decolorization of synthetic dyes by Funalia trogii. Biochem. Eng. J., 36: 59-65
  14. Wanyonyi, W.C., Onyari, J.M., Shiundu, P.M. (2014) Adsorption of Congo Red Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Roots of Eichhornia Crassipes: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies Energy. Procedia, 50: 862-869
  15. Sivaraj, R., Venckatesh, R., Gowri, Sangeetha, G. (2010). Activated Carbon Prepared From Eichornia Crassipes as an Adsobent for the Removal of Dyes from Aqueous Solution. Int. J. Eng. Sci. and Tech. 2(6,) 2418-2427
  16. Giri, A.K., Patel, R., Mandal, S. (2012). Removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by Eichhornia crassipes root biomass-derived activated carbon. Chem. Eng. J., 185-186: 71-81
  17. Gupta, G.S., Prasad, G., Panday, K.K., Singh, V.N. (1988). Removal of Chrome Dye from Aqueous Solution by Fly Ash, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 37: 13-24
  18. Lim, H.K., Teng, T.T., Ibrahim, M.H., Ahmad, A., Chee, H.T. (2012). Adsorption and Removal of Zinc (II) from Aqueous Solution Using Powdered Fish Bones. APCBEE Procedia, 1: 96-102
  19. Acemioglu, B., Almay, M.H. (2001). Equilibrium Studies on Adsorption of Cu(II) from Aqueous Solution onto Cellulose. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 243: 81-84
  20. Zawahry, M.M.E., Kamel, M.M. (2004). Removal of azo and anthraquinone dyes from aqueous solutions by Eichhornia Crassipes. Water Research, 38: 2967-2972
  21. Low, K.S., Lee, C.K., Tan, K.K. (1995). Biosorption of Basic Dyes by Water Hyacinth Roots. Bioresour. Technol., 52: 79-83
  22. Teng, H., Tu, Y.T., Lai, Y.C., Lin, C.C. (2001). Reduction of NO with NH3 over carbon catalysts: The effects of treating carbon with H2SO4 and HNO3. Carbon, 39(4): 575-582
  23. Nurhadi, M., Chandren, S., Yuan, L.S., Ho, C.S., Mahlia, T.M.I., Nur, H. (2017). Titania-Loaded Coal Char as Catalyst in Oxidation of Styrene with Aqueous Hydrogen Peroxide. Int. J. Chem. Reactor Eng., 15(1): 1-11
  24. Nurhadi, M. (2017). Modification of Coal Char-loaded TiO2 by Sulfonation and Alkylsilylation to Enhance Catalytic Activity in Styrene Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidant. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(1): 55-61
  25. Nurhadi, M. (2017). Epoxidation of 1-Octene with hydrogen peroxide aqueous catalyzed by titania supported sulfonated coal. American Institute of Physics, 1813( 030001)
  26. Geng, L., Wang, Y,. Yu, G., Zhu, Y. (2011). Efficient carbon-based solid acid catalysts for the esterification of oleic acid. Catal. Commun. 13(1): 26-30
  27. Liu, Y., Chen, J., Yao, J., Lu, Y., Zhang, L., Liu, X. (2009). Preparation and properties of sulfonated carbon–silica composites from sucrose dispersed on MCM-48. Chem. Eng. J., 148(1): 201-206
  28. Nurhadi, M., Efendi, J., Lee, S. L., Mahlia, T. M. I., Chandren, S., Ho, C. S., Nur, H. (2015). Utilization of low rank coal as oxidation catalyst by controllable removal of its carbonaceous component. J. Taiwan Institute Chem. Eng., 46: 183-190
  29. Ho, Y.S., McKay, G. (1998). Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat. Chem. Eng. J., 70: 115-124

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.