Kinetic of Adsorption Process of Sulfonated Carbon-derived from Eichhornia crassipes in the Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solution

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.2548.17-27
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Submitted: 20-04-2018
Published: 15-04-2019
Section: Original Research Articles
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The evaluation of kinetic adsorption process of sulfonated carbon-derived from Eichhornia crassipes in the adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution has been carried out. The sulfonated carbon-derived from E. crassipes (EGS-600) was prepared by carbonation of E. crassipes powder at 600 °C for 1 h, followed by sulfonation with concentrated sulfuric acid for 3 h. The physical properties of the adsorbents were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies. Adsorption study using methylene blue dye was carried out by varying the contact time and initial dye concentration for investigated kinetics adsorption models. The effect of varying temperature was used to determine the thermodynamic parameter value of ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS. The results showed that the equilibrium adsorption capacity was 98% when EGS-600 is used as an adsorbent. The methylene blue dye adsorption onto adsorbent takes place spontaneity and follows a pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic model. Copyright © 2019 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 20th April 2018; Revised: 28th August 2018; Accepted: 4th September 2018; Available online: 25th January 2019; Published regularly: April 2019

How to Cite: Nurhadi, M., Widiyowati, I.I., Wirhanuddina, W., Chandren, S. (2019). Kinetic of Adsorption Process of Sulfonated Carbon-derived from Eichhornia crassipes in the Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solution. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 14 (1): 17-27 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.14.1.2548.17-27)

Permalink/DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.2548.17-27

 

Keywords

Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth); methylene blue; adsorption; sulfonation; carbon

  1. Mukhamad Nurhadi  Scopus Sinta
    Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman , Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75123, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  2. Iis Intan Widiyowati 
    Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman , Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75123, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  3. Wirhanuddin Wirhanuddin 
    Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman , Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75123, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  4. Sheela Chandren 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia , 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
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