skip to main content

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of DUT-52 and Investigation of Its Photoluminescent Properties

1Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, Indonesia

3Research Center for Nanosciences & Nanotechnology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, 40132, Indonesia

Received: 15 Mar 2018; Revised: 28 Sep 2018; Accepted: 30 Sep 2018; Published: 15 Apr 2019; Available online: 25 Jan 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

Citation Format:
Cover Image

A zirconium metal-organic framework (MOF) of DUT-52 (DUT: Dresden University of Technology) was synthesized herein by reacting zirconium tetrachloride (ZrCl4) and 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid (H2NDC) in DMF under microwave heating at 115 oC for 25 min. This synthetic procedure was more efficient than a solvothermal method, by which a long thermal exposure (24 h) of 100-150 oC was required to produce the same MOF. The MOF has a thermal stability of 560 °C, prior to partial loss of interconnected 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate (NDC) linkers at some structure building units (SBU). Crystallinity of this DUT-52 was ca. 77 %, which was the same as one synthesized solvothermally.  Diffuse Reflectance UV-Vis spectra revealed an absorption at λex of 287 nm, which was equivalent to a bandgap energy of 4.32 eV.  Electron excitations of this DUT-52 at 275 and 300 nm gave emission wavelength of 433 nm (a purple region),  indicating a prospective use of DUT-52 as a photoluminescent material. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: MOF; DUT-52; Microwave Heating; Bandgap Energy; Photoluminescence
Funding: BPP-DN DIKTI (2014-2016) for a graduate program scholarship at Chemistry Department of Institut Teknologi Bandung

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Articles
Language : EN
  1. Stock, N., Biswas, S. eds. (2012). Synthesis of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Routes to Various MOF Topologies, Morphologies, and Composites. Chemical Reviews, 112: 933–969
  2. Nguyen, L.T.L., Nguyen, C.V., Dang, G.H., Le, K.K.A., Phan, N.T.S. (2011). Towards Applications of Metal–Organic Frameworks in Catalysis: Friedel – Crafts Acylation Reaction over IRMOF-8 as an Efficient Heterogeneous Catalyst. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 349: 28–35
  3. Calleja, G., Sanz, R., Orcajo, G., Briones, D., Leo, P., Martínez, F. (2014). Copper-Based MOF-74 Material as Effective Acid Catalyst in Friedel – Crafts Acylation of Anisole. Catalysis Today, 227: 130–137
  4. Nguyen, L.T.L., Nguyen, T.T., Nguyen, K.D., Phan, N.T.S. (2012). Metal-Organic Framework MOF-199 as an Efficient Heterogeneous Catalyst for the Aza-Michael Reaction. Applied Catalysis A: General, 425–426: 44–52
  5. Phan, N.T.S., Nguyen, T.T., Nguyen, C.V., Nguyen, T.T. (2013). Applied Catalysis A : General Ullmann-Type Coupling Reaction using Metal-Organic Framework MOF-199 as an Efficient Recyclable Solid Catalyst. Applied Catalysis A: General, 457: 69–77
  6. Horcajada, P., Chalati, T., Serre, C., Gillet, B., Sebrie, C., Baati, T. (2009). Porous Metal-Organic-Framework Nanoscale Carriers as a Potential Platform for Drug Delivery and Imaging. Nature Materials, 9: 172–178
  7. Taylor-Pashow, K.M.L., Della Rocca, J., Xie, Z., Tran, S., Lin, W. (2009). Postsynthetic Modifications of Iron-Carboxylate Nanoscale Metal-Organic Frameworks for Imaging and Drug Delivery. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131: 14261–14263
  8. Fang, Q., Zhu, G., Jin, Z., Ji, Y., Ye, J., Xue, M. (2007). Mesoporous Metal Organic Framework with Rare ETB Topology for Hydrogen Storage and Dye Assembly. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 46: 6638–6642
  9. Cho, H., Yang, D., Kim, J., Jeong, S., Ahn, W. (2012). CO2 Adsorption and Catalytic Application of Co-MOF-74 Synthesized by Microwave Heating. Catalysis Today, 185(1): 35–40
  10. Nasalevich, M.A., Goesten, M.G., Savenije, T.J., Kapteijn, F., Gascon, J. (2013). Enhancing Optical Absorption of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Improved Visible Light Photocatalysis. Chemical Communications, 49: 10575–10577
  11. Llabres, F.X., Corma, A., Garcia, H. (2007). Applications for Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) as Quantum Dot Semiconductors. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111: 80–85
  12. Pu, S., Xu, L., Sun, L., Du, H. (2015). Tuning the Optical Properties of the Zirconium – UiO-66 Metal–Organic Framework for Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange. Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 52: 50–52
  13. Guo, Z., Xu, H., Su, S., Cai, J., Dang, S., Xiang, S. (2011). A Robust Near Infrared Luminescent Ytterbium Metal-Organic Framework for Sensing of Small Molecules. Chemical Communications, 47: 5551–5553
  14. Cui, Y., Yue, Y., Qian, G., Chen, B. (2012). Luminescent Functional Metal-Organic Frameworks. Chemical Reviews, 112: 1126–1162
  15. Corno, M., Rimola, A., Bolis, V., Ugliengo, P. (2010). Hydroxyapatite as a Key Biomaterial: Quantum-Mechanical Simulation of Its Surfaces in Interaction with Biomolecules. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 12: 6309–6329
  16. Lu, C., Liu, J., Xiao, K., Harris, A.T. (2010). Microwave Enhanced Synthesis of MOF-5 and Its CO2 Capture Ability at Moderate Temperatures Across Multiple Capture and Release Cycles. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156: 465–470
  17. Choi, J., Son, W., Kim, J., Ahn, W. (2008). Metal–Organic Framework MOF-5 Prepared by Microwave Heating: Factors to be Considered. Microporous Mesoporous Materials, 116: 727–731
  18. Zhang, W., Huang, H., Liu, D., Yang, Q., Xiao, Y., Ma, Q., Zhong, C (2013). A New Metal – Organic Framework with High Stability Based on Zirconium for Sensing Small Molecules. Microporous Mesoporous Materials, 171: 118–124
  19. Bon, V., Senkovska, I., Weiss, M.S., Kaskel, S. (2013). Tailoring of Network Dimensionality and Porosity Adjustment in Zr- and Hf-Based MOFs. Crystal Engineering Communications, 15: 9572–9577
  20. Arrozi, U.S.F., Wijaya, H.W., Patah, A., Permana, Y. (2015). Efficient Acetalization of Benzaldehydes using UiO-66 and UiO-67: Substrates Accessibility or Lewis Acidity of Zirconium. Applied Catalysis A: General, 506: 77–84
  21. Zhao, Q., Yuan, W., Liang, J., Li, J. (2013). Synthesis and Hydrogen Storage Studies of Metal-Organic Framework UiO-66. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38: 13104–13109
  22. Yoo, Y., Lai, Z., Jeong, H. (2009). Microporous and Mesoporous Materials Fabrication of MOF-5 Membranes using Microwave-Induced Rapid Seeding and Solvothermal Secondary Growth. Microporous Mesoporous Materials, 123: 100–106
  23. Shen, L., Liang, R., Luo, M., Jing, F., Wu, L. (2015). Electronic Effects of Ligand Substitution on Metal Organic Frameworks Photocatalysts: The Case Study of UiO-66. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 17: 117-121
  24. Murphy, A.B. (2007). Band-Gap Determination from Diffuse Reflectance Measurements of Semiconductor Films, and Application to Photoelectrochemical. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 91: 1326–1337
  25. Linsebigler, A.L., Lu, G., Yates, J.T. (1995). Photocatalysis on TiO2 Surfaces: Principles, Mechanisms, and Selected Results. Chemical Reviews, 95(3): 735–758
  26. Dreischarf, A.C., Lammert, M., Stock, N., Reinsch H. (2017). Green Synthesis of Zr-CAU-28: Structure and Properties of the First Zr-MOF Based on 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid. Inorganic Chemistry, 56: 2270-2277
  27. Reproduction of Solvothermally Prepared-DUT-52 was Done According to Reference [18] and Taken as a Benchmark for the Crystallinity of DUT-52

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.