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Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of DUT-52 and Investigation of Its Photoluminescent Properties

1Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, Indonesia

3Research Center for Nanosciences & Nanotechnology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, 40132, Indonesia

Received: 15 Mar 2018; Revised: 28 Sep 2018; Accepted: 30 Sep 2018; Available online: 25 Jan 2019; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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A zirconium metal-organic framework (MOF) of DUT-52 (DUT: Dresden University of Technology) was synthesized herein by reacting zirconium tetrachloride (ZrCl4) and 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid (H2NDC) in DMF under microwave heating at 115 oC for 25 min. This synthetic procedure was more efficient than a solvothermal method, by which a long thermal exposure (24 h) of 100-150 oC was required to produce the same MOF. The MOF has a thermal stability of 560 °C, prior to partial loss of interconnected 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate (NDC) linkers at some structure building units (SBU). Crystallinity of this DUT-52 was ca. 77 %, which was the same as one synthesized solvothermally.  Diffuse Reflectance UV-Vis spectra revealed an absorption at λex of 287 nm, which was equivalent to a bandgap energy of 4.32 eV.  Electron excitations of this DUT-52 at 275 and 300 nm gave emission wavelength of 433 nm (a purple region),  indicating a prospective use of DUT-52 as a photoluminescent material. 

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Keywords: MOF; DUT-52; Microwave Heating; Bandgap Energy; Photoluminescence
Funding: BPP-DN DIKTI (2014-2016) for a graduate program scholarship at Chemistry Department of Institut Teknologi Bandung

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