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Silver Nanoparticles Supported on Chitosan as a Green and Robust Heterogeneous Catalyst for Direct Synthesis of Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds under Green Conditions

1Department of Marine Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

2Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

3Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, University of Hormozgan, Bandarabbas, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Received: 19 Jan 2018; Revised: 10 Sep 2018; Accepted: 18 Sep 2018; Available online: 25 Jan 2018; Published: 15 Apr 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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The catalytic efficiency of silver nanoparticles supported on chitosan as a green, robust, and efficient nanocatalyst for the direct synthesis of biologically active compounds, such as: imidazole derivatives as well as pyrazine scaffolds through multi-component reactions strategy, have been demonstrated. In this work, imidazole derivatives were achieved via pseudo four-component reactions by utilization of benzaldehydes, benzils, anilines, and ammonium acetate under solvent-free conditions. Moreover, pyrazine scaffolds were synthesized through a three-component reaction of phenylenediamine derivatives, isocyanides and various ketones in water. The main advantages of this protocol are the  reusability of the catalyst, operational simplicity, mild reaction conditions, and high-yielding. 


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Keywords: Chitosan; Silver nanoparticles; Heterogeneous catalyst; Heterocyclic compounds; Green chemistry

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