Green Biofuel Production via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil using Malaysian Dolomite Catalyst

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.3.1956.489-501
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Submitted: 13-12-2017
Published: 04-12-2018
Section: Original Research Articles
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Malaysian Dolomite has shown potential deoxygenation catalyst due to high capacity in removing oxygen compound and produce high quality of biofuel with desirable lighter hydrocarbon (C8-C24). The performance of this catalyst was compared with several commercial catalysts in catalytic pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil. Calcination at 900 °C in N2 produced catalyst with very high activity due to decomposition of CaMg(CO3)2 phase and formation of MgO-CaO phase. The liquid product showed similar chemical composition of biofuel in the range of gasoline, kerosene and diesel fuel. Furthermore, Malaysian Dolomite showed high reactivity with 76.51 % in total liquid hydrocarbon and the ability to convert the oxygenated compounds into CO2, CO, CH4, H2, hydrocarbon fuel gas, and H2O. Moreover, low acid value (33 mg KOH/g) and low aromatic hydrocarbon content were obtained in the biofuel. Thus, local calcined carbonated material has a potential to act as catalyst in converting waste cooking oil into biofuel. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 13rd December 2017; Revised: 11st June 2018; Accepted: 3rd July 2018

How to Cite: Hafriz, R.S.R.M., Salmiaton, A., Yunus, R., Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. (2018). Green Biofuel Production via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil using Malaysian Dolomite Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (3): 489-501 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.3.1956.489-501)

Permalink/DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.3.1956.489-501

 

Keywords

Malaysian Dolomite; Base Catalyst; Waste Cooking Oil; Catalytic Pyrolysis; Biofuel

  1. Raja Mohamad Hafriz Raja Shahruzzaman 
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  2. Salmiaton Ali  Orcid Scopus
    1Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 2Catalyst Science and Technology Research Center (Putra Cat), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  3. Robiah Yunus  Orcid Scopus
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  4. Taufiq Yap Yun-Hin  Scopus
    Catalyst Science and Technology Research Center (Putra Cat), Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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