Green Biofuel Production via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil using Malaysian Dolomite Catalyst

Raja Mohamad Hafriz Raja Shahruzzaman  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
*Salmiaton Ali orcid scopus  -  1Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, , Malaysia
Robiah Yunus orcid scopus  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Taufiq Yap Yun-Hin scopus  -  Catalyst Science and Technology Research Center (Putra Cat), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Received: 13 Dec 2017; Revised: 11 Jun 2018; Accepted: 3 Jun 2018; Published: 4 Dec 2018; Available online: 14 Nov 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Malaysian Dolomite has shown potential deoxygenation catalyst due to high capacity in removing oxygen compound and produce high quality of biofuel with desirable lighter hydrocarbon (C8-C24). The performance of this catalyst was compared with several commercial catalysts in catalytic pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil. Calcination at 900 °C in N2 produced catalyst with very high activity due to decomposition of CaMg(CO3)2 phase and formation of MgO-CaO phase. The liquid product showed similar chemical composition of biofuel in the range of gasoline, kerosene and diesel fuel. Furthermore, Malaysian Dolomite showed high reactivity with 76.51 % in total liquid hydrocarbon and the ability to convert the oxygenated compounds into CO2, CO, CH4, H2, hydrocarbon fuel gas, and H2O. Moreover, low acid value (33 mg KOH/g) and low aromatic hydrocarbon content were obtained in the biofuel. Thus, local calcined carbonated material has a potential to act as catalyst in converting waste cooking oil into biofuel. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 13rd December 2017; Revised: 11st June 2018; Accepted: 3rd July 2018

How to Cite: Hafriz, R.S.R.M., Salmiaton, A., Yunus, R., Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. (2018). Green Biofuel Production via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil using Malaysian Dolomite Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (3): 489-501 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.3.1956.489-501)

Permalink/DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.3.1956.489-501

 

Keywords: Malaysian Dolomite; Base Catalyst; Waste Cooking Oil; Catalytic Pyrolysis; Biofuel
Funding: Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia for Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/11/TK/UPM/02)

Article Metrics:

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