Effects of Platinum and Palladium Metals on Ni/Mg1-xZrxO Catalysts in the CO2 Reforming of Methane
Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
Nickel, palladium, and platinum catalysts (1 wt.% each) supported on MgO and MgZrO to prepare Pt,Pd,Ni/Mg1-xZrxO catalysts (where x = 0, 0.03, 0.07, and 0.15), were synthesized by using co-precipitation method with K2CO3 as the precipitant. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) were employed to observe the characteristics of the prepared catalysts. The Pt,Pd,Ni/Mg0.85Zr0.15O showed the best activity in dry reforming of methane (DRM) with 99 % and 91 % for CO2 and CH4 conversions, respectively and 1.28 for H2/CO ratio at temperature 900 °C and 1:1 of CH4:CO2 ratio. The stability of Pt,Pd,Ni/Mg0.85Zr0.15O catalyst in the presence and absence of low stream 1.25 % oxygen was investigated. Carbon formation and amount in spent catalysts were examined by TEM and TGA in the presence of stream oxygen. The results showed that the amount of carbon was suppressed and negligible coke formation (less than 3 %) was observed. Several effects were observed with ZrO2 use as a promoter in the catalyst. Firstly, the magnesia cubic phase stabilized. Secondly, thermal stability and support for basicity increased. Thirdly, carbon deposition and the reducibility of Ni2+, Pd2+, and Pt2+ ions decreased. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved
Received: 25th October 2017; Revised: 2nd January 2018; Accepted: 18th January 2018; Available online: 11st June 2018; Published regularly: 1st August 2018
How to Cite: Al-Doghachi, F.A.J. (2018). Effects of Platinum and Palladium Metals on Ni/Mg1-xZrxO Catalysts in the CO2 Reforming of Methane. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (2): 295-310 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1656.295-310)
- Sutthiumporn, K., Maneerung, T., Kawi, S. (2012). CO2 Dry-reforming of Methane over La0.8Sr0.2Ni0.8M0.2O3 Perovskite (M= Bi, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe): Roles of Lattice Oxygen on C-H Activation and Carbon Suppression. International J. Hydrogen Energy, 37: 11195-11207.
- Rahimpour, M.R., Aboosadi, Z.A., Jahanmiri, A.H. (2011). Optimization of Tri-reformer Reactor to Produce Synthesis Gas for Methanol Production using Differential Evolution (DE) Method. Applied Energy, 88: 2691-2701.
- Nur Nabilah, M.A., Dai-Viet, N., Azizan, M.T., Sumaia, Z.A. (2016). Carbon Dioxide Dry Reforming of Glycerol for Hydrogen Production using Ni/ZrO2 and Ni/CaO as Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 11(2); 200-209.
- Sarkari, M., Fazlollahi, F., Ajamein, H., Atashi, H., Hecker, W.C., Baxter, L.L. (2014). Catalytic Performance of an Iron-based Catalyst in Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis. Fuel Process Technology, 127: 163-170.
- Ayodele, B.V., Khan, M.R., Cheng, C.K. (2016). Production of CO-rich Hydrogen Gas from Methane Dry Reforming over Co/CeO2 Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11(2): 210-219.
- Gangadharan, P., Kanchi, K.C., and Lou, H.H. (2012). Evaluation of the Economic and Environmental Impact of Combining Dry Reforming with Steam Reforming of Methane. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 90(11): 1956-1968.
- Kehres, J., Jakobsen, J.G., Andreasen, J.W., Wagner, J.B., Liu, H., Molenbroek, A., Vegge, T. (2012). Dynamical Properties of a Ru/MgAl2O4 Catalyst During Reduction and Dry Methane Reforming. J. Physical Chemistry, C, 116: 21407-21415.
- Garcia-Dieguez, M., Pieta, I.S., Herrera, M.C., Larrubia, M.A., Alemany, L.J. (2011). Rh-Ni Nanocatalysts for the CO2 and CO2+H2O Reforming of Methane. Catalysis Today, 172: 136-142.
- Menegazzo, F., Signoretto, M., Canton, P., Pernicone, N. (2012). Optimization of Bimetallic Dry Reforming Catalysts by Temperature Programmed Reaction. Applied Catalysis A, 439: 80-87.
- Al-Doghachi, F.A., Rashid, U., Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. (2016). Investigation of Ce (III) Promoter Effects on the Tri-metallic Pt,Pd,Ni/MgO Catalyst in Dry-reforming of Methane. RSC Advances, 6(13): 10372-10384.
- Yu, M., Zhu, K., Liu, Z., Xiao, H., Zhou, X. (2014). Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane over Promoted NixMg1xO (111) Platelet Catalyst Derived from Solvothermal Synthesis. Applied Catalysis B Environment, 148: 177-190.
- Al-Doghachi, F.A., Rashid, U., Zainal, Z., Saiman, M.I., Yap, Y.H.T. (2015). Influence of Ce2O3 and CeO2 Promoters on Pd/MgO Catalysts in the Dry-reforming of Methane. RSC Advances, 5(99): 81739-81752.
- Aldbea, F., Ibrahim, N., Abdullah, M., Shaiboub, R. (2012). Structural and Magnetic Properties of TbxY3−xFe5O12 (0≤x≤0.8) Thin Film Prepared via Sol-Gel Method. J Sol-gel Science Technology, 62: 483-489.
- Grange, P. (1980). Catalytic Hydrodesulfurization. Catalysis Review Science Engineer, 21: 135-181.
- Abimanyu, H., Kim, C.S., Ahn, B.S., Yoo, K.S. (2007). Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate by Transesterification with Various MgO-CeO2 Mixed Oxide Catalysts. Catalysis Letter, 118: 30-35.
- Chen, X., Jiang, J., Tian, S., Li, K. (2015). Biogas Dry Reforming for Syngas Production: Catalytic Performance of Nickel Supported on Waste-derived SiO2. Catalysis Science Technology, 5: 860-868.
- Zhiijian, M., Ying, L., Maohong, F., Ling, Z. (2015). J. Chemical Engineering, 259: 293.
- Hidalgo, C., Jalila, S., Alberto, M., Said, S. (2012). XPS Evidence for Structure–Performance Relationship in Selective Hydrogenation of Crotonaldehyde to Crotyl Alcohol on Platinum Systems Supported on Natural Phosphates. J. Colloid Interface Science, 382: 67-73.
- Mahoney, E.G., Pusel, J., Stagg-Williams, S., Faraji, S. (2014). The Effects of Pt Addition to Supported Ni Catalysts on Dry (CO2) Reforming of Methane to Syngas. J. CO2 Utilization, 6: 40-44.
- Bao, Z., Lu, Y., Han, J., Li, Y., Yu, F. (2015). Highly Active and Stable Ni-based Bimodal Pore Catalyst for Dry Reforming of Methane. Applied Catalysis A: General, 491: 116-126.
- Rotaru, C.G., Postole, G., Florea, M., Matei-Rutkovska, F., Pârvulescu, V.I. (2015). Dry Reforming of Methane on Ceria Prepared by Modified Precipitation Route. P Gelin. Applied Catalysis A: General, 494: 29-40.
- Tada, S., Shimizu, T., Kameyama, H., Haneda, T. (2012). Ni/CeO2 Catalysts with High CO2 Methanation Activity and High CH4 Selectivity at Low Temperatures. International J. Hydrogen Energy, 37: 5527-5531.
- Gonzalez-Delacruz, V.M., Ternero, F., Peren, R., Caballero, A., Holgado, J.P. (2010). Study of Nanostructured Ni/CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by Combustion Synthesis in Dry Reforming of Methane. Applied Catalysis A: General, 384: 1-9.
- Koo, K.Y., Roh, H.S., Seo, Y.T., Seo, D.J., Yoon, W.L., Park, S.B. (2008). A Highly Effective and Stable Nano-sized Ni/MgO-Al2O3 Catalyst for Gas to Liquids (GTL) Process. International J. Hydrogen Energy, 33: 2036.
- Mei, Z., Li, Y., Fan, M., Zhao, L., Zhao, J. (2015). Effect of The Interactions between Pt Species and Ceria on Pt/Ceria Catalysts for Water Gas Shift: The XPS Studies. Chemical Engineering J., 259: 293-302.
- Djaidja, A., Libs, S., Kiennemann, A., Barama, A. (2006). Characterization and Activity in Dry Reforming of Methane on NiMg/Al and Ni/MgO Catalysts. Catalysis Today, 113: 194-200.
- Kim, H.W., Kang, K.M., Kwak, H. (2009). Recent Developments and Achievements in Partial Oxidation of Methane With and Without Addition of Steam. International J. Hydrogen Energy, 34: 3351.
- Ahmed, W., Awadallah, A.E., Aboul-Enein, A.A. (2016). Ni/CeO2-Al2O3 Catalysts for Methane Thermo-catalytic Decomposition to COx-free H2 Production, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41(41): 18484-18493.
- Mojović, Z., Mentus, S, Tesic, Z. (2004). Introduction of Pt and Pd Nanoclusters in Zeolite Cavities by Thermal Degradation of Acetylacetonates. Material Science Forum, 453: 257-262.
- Al-Doghachi, F.A., Islam, A., Zainal, Z., Saiman, M.I., Embong, Z., Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. (2016). High Coke-Resistance Pt/Mg1-xNixO Catalyst for Dry Reforming of Methane. PloS One, 11(1): e0145862.
- Zecchina, A., Spoto, G., Coluccia, S., Guglielminotti, E. (1984). Spectroscopic Study of the Adsorption of Carbon Monoxide on Solutions of Nickel Oxide and Magnesium Oxide. Part 2. Samples Pretreated with Hydrogen. Journal of the Chemical Society. Faraday Trans, 80: 1891-1901.
- Hu, Y.H., Ruckenstein, E. (2003). Multiple Transient Response Methods to Identify Mechanisms of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions. Acco. Chem. Res., 36: 791-797.
- Appari S, Janardhanan VM, Bauri R, Jayanti S, Deutschmann O (2014) A Detailed Kinetic Model for Biogas Steam Reforming on Ni and Catalyst Deactivation due to Sulfur Poisoning. Applied Catalysis A: General, 471: 118-125.
- Djinović, P., Osojnik, G., Erjavec, B., Pintar, A. (2012). Influence of Active Metal Loading and Oxygen Mobility on Coke-free Dry Reforming of Ni-Co Bimetallic Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environment, 125: 259-270.
- Topalidis, A., Petrakis, D.E., Ladavos, A., Loakatzikou, L., Pomonis, P.J. (2007). A Kinetic Study of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Interconversion over 0.5% Pt/SrTiO3 Catalysts. Catalysis Today, 127: 238-245.
- Nakagawa, K., Kikuchi, M., Nishitani-Gamo, M., Oda, H., Gamo, H., Ogawa, K., Ando, T. (2008). CO2 Reforming of CH4 over Co/oxidized Diamond Catalyst, Energy & Fuels, 22(6): 3566-3570.
- Osaki, T., Mori, T. (2001). Role of Potassium in Carbon-free CO2 Reforming of Methane on K-promoted Ni/Al2O3 Catalysts. J. Catalysis, 204: 89-97.
- Al-Fatesh, A.S., Naeem, M.A., Fakeeha, A.H., Abasaeed, A.E. (2013). CO2 Reforming of Methane to Produce Syngas over γ-Al2O3-Supported Ni-Sr Catalysts, Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 86(6): 742-748.
- Giordano, F., Trovarelli, A., Leitenburg, C., Giona, M. (2000). A Model for the Temperature-Programmed Reduction of Low and High Surface Area Ceria. Catalysis, 193: 273-282.
- Steinhauer, B., Kasireddy, M., Radnik, J., Martin, A. (2009). Development of Ni-Pd Bimetallic Catalysts for the Utilization of Carbon Dioxide and Methane by Dry Reforming. Applied Catalysis A: General, 366: 333-341.
- Istadi, I., Anggoro, D.D., Amin, N.A.S., Ling, D.H.W. (2011). Catalyst deactivation simulation through carbon deposition in carbon dioxide reforming over Ni/CaO-Al2O3 catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 6(2): 129-136.
- Miguel, S., Vilella, I., Maina, S., Jose-Alonso, D., Roman-Martinez, M., Illan-Gomez, M. (2012). Influence of Pt Addition to Ni Catalysts on the Catalytic Performance for Long Term Dry Reforming of Methane. Applied Catalysis A: General, 435: 10-18.
- Zhang, H., Li, M., Xiao, P., Liu, D., Zou, C.J. (2013). Structure and Catalytic Performance of Mg‐SBA‐15‐Supported Nickel Catalysts for CO2 Reforming of Methane to Syngas, Chemical Engineering & Technology, 36(10): 1701-1707.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc., will be allowed only with a written permission from Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form BCREC 2016]
The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Prof. Dr. I. Istadi (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Telp.: +62-24-7460058, Fax.: +62-24-76480675