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Highly Efficient Catalytic Oxidative Desulfurization of Dibenzothiophene using Layered Double Hydroxide Modified Polyoxometalate Catalyst

1Graduate School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32 Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia

2Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Coordination Complexes, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32 Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia

3Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32 Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia

Received: 4 Nov 2022; Revised: 5 Dec 2022; Accepted: 5 Dec 2022; Available online: 7 Dec 2022; Published: 30 Dec 2022.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Layered double hydroxide-modified polyoxometalate (ZnAl-PW) was prepared and used for the oxidative desulfurization of dibenzothiophene. XRD patterns of ZnAl-LDH and PW are still present in ZnAl-PW. The bands of ZnAl-PW in wavenumber 3276, 1637, 1363, 1050, 952, 887, and 667 cm-1. The typical surface of ZnAl-LDH and ZnAl-PW can be observed not smooth in different sized with irregular shapes. The average diameter distribution of ZnAl-LDH and ZnAl-PW is 14 nm and 47 nm, respectively. For dibenzothiophene with 500 ppm, conversion on ZnAl-LDH, PW, and ZnAl-PW was 94.71%, 95.88%, and 99.16%, respectively. Conversion of dibenzothiophene in line with the acidity of ZnAl-LDH, PW, and ZnAl-PW were 0.399, 1.635, and 3.023 mmol/gram, respectively. The most effective catalyst dosage for the desulfurization of dibenzothiophene on ZnAl-LDH, PW, and ZnAl-PW is 0.25 g. The unchanged dibenzothiophene concentration indicates a heterogeneous system. ZnAl-LDH, PW, and ZnAl-PW are truly heterogeneous catalysts. After 3 cycles of oxidative desulfurization, the percentage conversion of dibenzothiophene on ZnAl-LDH, PW, and ZnAl-PW were 77.42 %, 65.98%, and 86.38%, respectively. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (


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Keywords: polyoxometalate; layered double hydroxide; oxidative desulfurization; dibenzothiophene
Funding: Universitas Sriwijaya under contract Hibah Profesi SIP DIPA-

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