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Effect of Precursor and Temperature Annealing on the Catalytic Activity of Intermetallic Ni3Sn2 Alloy

1Department of Chemistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia

2Inorganic Materials and Catalysis (IMCat), Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia

3Department of Physics, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia

4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 35.5, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia

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Received: 21 Sep 2022; Revised: 30 Oct 2022; Accepted: 30 Oct 2022; Available online: 7 Nov 2022; Published: 25 Dec 2022.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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The effect of nickel precursors and the temperature annealing to obtain intermetallic Ni3Sn2 alloy catalysts on its activity and selectivity in the selective hydrogenation of biomass-derived furfural (FFald) were investigated. Two types of nickel precursors (c.a., i) nickel metal (Ni°) derived from Raney®nickel and ii) nickel ion (Ni2+) derived from nickel chloride) were employed as the starting materials via hydrothermal at 423 K for 24 h followed by reduction with H2 at the elevated temperature of 573-873 K for 1.5 h. The physico-chemical properties of the intermetallic Ni3Sn2 were characterized by XRD, N2-, and H2-adsorption, ICP-AES, and NH3-TPD. The intermetallic Ni3Sn2 alloy catalysts, both bulk and supported, demonstrated high activity and selectivity towards hydrogenation of FFald. The activity and selectivity of g-Al2O3 and AA-supported Ni3Sn2 alloy catalysts in the hydrogenation of FFald to furfuryl alcohol (FFalc) were maintained even after annealing at up to 873 K, but that of bulk Ni3Sn2 drastically dropped. Ni-Sn alloy catalysts which were obtained from Raney®Ni precursor showed more stable than that of nickel salts during hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (


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Keywords: intermetallic Ni3Sn2; bulk structure; supported Ni3Sn2; selective hydrogenation; furfural;
Funding: Ministry of Education, Culture, Research & Technology, Republic of Indonesia under contract PDKN No. 026/E5/PG.02.00.PT/2022

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