Continuous Production of Biodiesel from Rubber Seed Oil Using a Packed Bed Reactor with BaCl2 Impregnated CaO as Catalyst

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1585.320-330
Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
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Submitted: 04-10-2017
Published: 11-06-2018
Section: Original Research Articles
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The goal of this research was to test barium chloride (BaCl2) impregnated calcined razor clam shell as a solid catalyst for transesterification of rubber seed oil (RSO) in a packed bed reactor (PBR). The waste razor clam shells were crushed, ground, and calcined at 900 °C in a furnace for 2 h to derive calcium oxide (CaO) particles. Subsequently, the calcined shells were impregnated with BaCl2 by wet impregnation method and recalcined at 300 °C for 2 h. The synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS),  Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, and basic strength measurements. The effects of various parameters such as residence time, reaction temperature, methanol/oil molar ratio, and catalyst bed length on the yield of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) were determined. The BaCl2/CaO catalyst exhibited much higher catalytic activity and stability than CaO catalyst influenced by the basicity of the doped catalyst. The maximum fatty acid methyl ester yield was 98.7 % under optimum conditions (residence time 2.0 h, reaction temperature 60 °C, methanol/oil molar ratio 12:1, and catalyst bed length 200 mm). After 6 consecutive reactions without any treatment, fatty acid methyl ester yield reduced to 83.1 %. The option of using waste razor clam shell for the production of transesterification catalysts could have economic benefits to the aquaculture and food industries. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved.

Received: 4th October 2017; Revised: 22nd January 2018; Accepted: 25th January 2018; Available online: 11st June 2018; Published regularly: 1st August 2018

How to Cite: Buasri, A., Loryuenyong, V. (2018). Continuous Production of Biodiesel from Rubber Seed Oil Using a Packed Bed Reactor with BaCl2 Impregnated CaO as Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (2): 320-330 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1585.320-330)

 

Keywords

BaCl2 Impregnated CaO; Biodiesel; Rubber Seed Oil; Transesterification; Waste Razor Clam Shell

  1. Achanai Buasri  Orcid Scopus
    1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom 73000, 2 Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    Achanai Buasri received his B.Eng. degree in petrochemicals and polymeric materials from Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, in 2002, and the M.Eng. degree in chemical engineering from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, in 2004. He is presently working as Associate Professor at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, and joined the institute in 2004. In addition, he is working as Researcher at the Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. His main research interests are polymer nanocomposites, biomaterials, graphene and its derivatives, biodiesel production, and catalysis.
  2. Vorrada Loryuenyong  Orcid Scopus
    1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom 73000, 2 Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    Vorrada Loryuenyong received her B.S. degree in materials science and engineering from The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA, in 2000, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in materials science and engineering from University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, in 2002 and 2006, respectively. She is presently working as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, and joined the institute in 2006. In addition, she is working as a Researcher at the Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Her main research interests are sol-gel process, semiconductor materials, thin film, photocatalysts, and dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC).
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