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Synthesis of NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO Magnetic and Application for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange Dye under UV Irradiation

1Research Group on Magnetic Materials, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia

3Doctoral Program of Environmental Science, Graduate School, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang 30139, Indonesia

Received: 6 Sep 2022; Revised: 30 Sep 2022; Accepted: 30 Sep 2022; Available online: 5 Oct 2022; Published: 25 Dec 2022.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO magnetic was successfully synthesized using NiFe2O4, SiO2, and NiO as the core, interlayer, and shell, respectively. NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO under UV light irradiation was used for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye with different pH, catalyst dose, and initial dye concentration. This composite was characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy-Electron Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDs), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), UV-Vis Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), and Point of Zero Charge (pHpzc). The results showed that the composite is a superparamagnetic material with a saturation magnetization value of 44.13 emu/g. It also has a band gap of 2.67 eV with a pHpzc of 6.33. The optimum conditions for photocatalytic degradation were at pH of 4; 0.50 g/L catalyst dose, and 10 mg/L initial concentration. NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO degradation efficiency to methyl orange dye was 95.76%. The photocatalytic degradation in different concentrations follows the pseudo-first-order, where the greater the concentration, the smaller the constant rate (k). After five cycles of repeated usage, NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO has good catalytic performance as well as efficient and favourable of a recyclable photocatalyst. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

 

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Keywords: NiFe2O4/SiO2/NiO; magnetic; photocatalytic degradation; methyl orange
Funding: Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology, Republic of Indonesia under contract Penelitian Dasar Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi (PDUPT) No. 0063.01/UN9.3.1/PL/2022

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