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High Selectivity and Stability Structure of Layered Double Hydroxide-Biochar for Removal Cd(II)

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang 30662, Indonesia

2Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang 30139, Indonesia

3Departement of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Insitut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung 35365, Indonesia

Received: 22 May 2022; Revised: 5 Jul 2022; Accepted: 6 Jul 2022; Available online: 7 Jul 2022; Published: 30 Sep 2022.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Composite M2+/Al-BC (Ca/Al-BC, Cu/Al-BC, and Ni/Al-BC) have been successfully synthesized. Composite and pristine materials were used as adsorbents of cadmium(II) [Cd(II)] in an aqueous solution. Firstly the performance of composite and pristine materials was evaluated by reusability properties until five cycles adsorption process followed with a determination of isotherms and adsorption thermodynamic properties. The results show composite has ten-fold surface area properties than starting materials. The adsorption capacities of CaAl-BC, CuAl-BC, and NiAl-BC at a temperature of 333 K were 156.250 mg/g, 149.254 mg/g, and 208.333 mg/g, respectively. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

 

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Keywords: Layered Double Hydroxide; Biochar; Cadmium(II); Stability Structure; Adsorption
Funding: Universitas Sriwijaya

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