Preparation of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Materials from Monosodium Glutamate and Application in Reduction of p-Nitrophenol

*Ke-ying Cai  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Ying Mei Zhou  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Peng Wang  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Huan Li  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Yan Li  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Wei Tao  -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
Received: 28 Jul 2017; Revised: 1 Sep 2017; Accepted: 7 Sep 2017; Published: 2 Apr 2018; Available online: 22 Jan 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Nitrogen-doped carbons (NCs) as supports for metal catalysts used in heterogeneous reactions are increasingly being investigated. In this work, NCs were prepared from monosodium glutamate (MSG) by direct carbonization, which were used as supporters to prepare Bi/NC catalysts. The Bi/NC catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and nitrogen adsorption isotherm. The results indicate that nitrogen was doped in the formation of pyridinic N, pyrrolic N, and graphitic N. The NCs possess high surface area (~652 m2/g) and uniform mesopore size (~2.11 nm). Bismuth nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed uniformly in NC with diameter of 10-20 nm. The catalytic performances were investigated using the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) with excess potassium borohydride as a model reaction, the results indicating that the Bi/NC catalysts have higher activity and better reusability than the Bi/AC catalyst. Under the following conditions: 100 mL of 4-NP (2 mM), 0.03 g of 3%Bi/NC, n(KBH4) : n(4-NP) = 40:1, and at room temperature, the rate constant k can reach 0.31 min-1. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 28th July 2017; Revised: 1st September 2017; Accepted: 7th September 2017; Available online: 22nd January 2018; Published regularly: 2nd April 2018

How to Cite: Cai, K.Y., Zhou, Y.M., Wang, P., Li, H., Li, Y., Tao, W. (2018). Preparation of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Materials from Monosodium Glutamate and Application in Reduction of p-Nitrophenol. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1): 89-96 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1428.89-96)

 

Keywords: Reduction; 4-Nitrophenol; Nitrogen-doped carbon; Monosodium glutamate
Funding: the Science and Technology Department of Jiangsu Province; Jiangnan University

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