Preparation of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Materials from Monosodium Glutamate and Application in Reduction of p-Nitrophenol

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1428.89-96
Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 28-07-2017
Published: 02-04-2018
Section: Original Research Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Nitrogen-doped carbons (NCs) as supports for metal catalysts used in heterogeneous reactions are increasingly being investigated. In this work, NCs were prepared from monosodium glutamate (MSG) by direct carbonization, which were used as supporters to prepare Bi/NC catalysts. The Bi/NC catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and nitrogen adsorption isotherm. The results indicate that nitrogen was doped in the formation of pyridinic N, pyrrolic N, and graphitic N. The NCs possess high surface area (~652 m2/g) and uniform mesopore size (~2.11 nm). Bismuth nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed uniformly in NC with diameter of 10-20 nm. The catalytic performances were investigated using the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) with excess potassium borohydride as a model reaction, the results indicating that the Bi/NC catalysts have higher activity and better reusability than the Bi/AC catalyst. Under the following conditions: 100 mL of 4-NP (2 mM), 0.03 g of 3%Bi/NC, n(KBH4) : n(4-NP) = 40:1, and at room temperature, the rate constant k can reach 0.31 min-1. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 28th July 2017; Revised: 1st September 2017; Accepted: 7th September 2017; Available online: 22nd January 2018; Published regularly: 2nd April 2018

How to Cite: Cai, K.Y., Zhou, Y.M., Wang, P., Li, H., Li, Y., Tao, W. (2018). Preparation of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Materials from Monosodium Glutamate and Application in Reduction of p-Nitrophenol. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1): 89-96 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1428.89-96)

 

Keywords

Reduction; 4-Nitrophenol; Nitrogen-doped carbon; Monosodium glutamate

  1. Ke-ying Cai  Scholar
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  2. Ying Mei Zhou 
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  3. Peng Wang 
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  4. Huan Li 
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  5. Yan Li 
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  6. Wei Tao 
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou University of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221018, China
  1. Zhao, Z.K., Ge, G.F., Li, W.Z., Guo, X.W., Wang, G.R. (2016). Modulating the Microstructure and Surface Chemistry of Carbocatalysts for Oxidative and Direct Dehydrogenation: A Review, Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 37(5): 644-670.
  2. Kong, X.K., Chen, C.L., Chen, Q.W. (2014). Doped Graphene for Metal-free Catalysis. Chemical Society Reviews, 43(8): 2841-2857.
  3. Wang, H.B., Maiyalagan, T., Wang, X. (2012). Review on Recent Progress in Nitrogen-Doped Graphene: Synthesis, Characterization, and Its Potential Applications. ACS Catalysis, 2(5): 781-794.
  4. Yang, Y.F., Jia, L.T., Hou, B., Li, D.B., Wang, J.G., Sun, Y.H. (2014). The Effect of Nitrogen on the Autoreduction of Cobalt Nanoparticles Supported on Nitrogen-Doped Ordered Mesoporous Carbon for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. Chemcatchem, 6(1): 319-327.
  5. Liu, J., Song, P., Ruan, M., Xu, W. (2016). Catalytic Properties of Graphitic and Pyridinic Nitrogen Doped on Carbon Black for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 37(7): 1119-1126.
  6. Liang, Q.Y., Su, H., Yan, J., Leung, C., Cao, S.L., Yuan, D.S. (2014). N‐Doped Mesoporous Carbon as a Bifunctional Material for Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Supercapacitors. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 35(7): 1078-1083.
  7. Podyacheva, O.Y., Ismagilov, Z.R. (2015). Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanomaterials: To the Mechanism of Growth, Electrical Conductivity and Application in Catalysis. Catalysis Today, 249(23): 12-22.
  8. Ombaka, L.M., Ndungu, P., Nyamori, V.O. (2013). Usage of Carbon Nanotubes as Platinum and Nickel Catalyst Support in Dehydrogenation Reactions. Catalysis Today, 217(5): 65-75.
  9. Hu, P., Meng, D.H., Ren, G.H., Yan, R.X., Peng, X.S. (2016). Nitrogen-Doped mesoporous carbon thin film for binder-free supercapacitor. Applied Materials Today, 5: 1–8.
  10. Wang, Z.Q., Sun, L.X, Xu, F., Zhou, H.Y., Peng, X.J., Sun, D.L., Wang, J.C., Du, Y. (2016). Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbons with High Performance for Hydrogen Storage. Internal Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41(20): 8489-8497.
  11. Kang, W.J., Li, H.B., Ai, M., Wei, S.Y., Gao, H.Z., Liu, J.F., Qian, Y.T. (2014). Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon and Application in Highly Selective and Sensitive Dopamine Sensing. Materials Letters, 116(2): 374-377.
  12. Zhang, Z., Wang, G.C., Lai, Y.Q., Li, J., Zhang, Z.Y., Chen, W. (2015). Nitrogen-Doped Porous Hollow Carbon Sphere-Decorated Separators for Advanced Lithiume-Sulfur Batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 300: 157-163.
  13. Niu, W.H., Li, L.G., Chen, S.W. (2017). Recent Progress in Template-Assisted Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon for Oxygen Electroreduction. Journal of Electrochemistry, 23(2): 110-122.
  14. Qian, W.J., Zhu, J.Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, X., Yan, F. (2015). Condiment-Derived 3D Architecture Porous Carbon for Electrochemical Supercapacitors. Small, 11(37): 4959-4969.
  15. Wang, Z.Z., Zhai, S.R., Zhai, B., Xiao, Z.Y., An, Q.D. (2014). Preparation and Catalytic Properties of Nano-Au Catalytic Materials Based on the Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol. Progress in Chemistry, 26(2/3): 234-247.
  16. Noh, J-H., Meijboom, R. (2014). Catalytic Evaluation of Dendrimer-Templated Pd Nanoparticles in the Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol Using Langmuir–Hinshelwood Kinetics. Applied Surface Science, 320: 400-413.
  17. Guo, P.C., Tang, L., Zeng, G.M., Huang, B.B., Dong, H.R., Zhang, Y., Zhou, Y.Y., Deng, Y.C., Ma, L.L., Tan, S.R. (2016). Catalytic Reduction-Adsorption for Removal of p-Nnitrophenol and Its Conversion p-Aminophenol from Water by Gold Nanoparticles Supported on Oxidized Mesoporous Carbon. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 469: 78-85.
  18. Li, Y.Z., Cao, Y.L., Xie, J., Jia, D.Z., Qin H.Y., Liang, Z.T. (2015). Facile Solid-State Synthesis of Ag/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites as Highly Active and Stable Catalyst for the Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol. Catalysis Communications, 58: 21-25.
  19. Salvador, J.A.R., Pinto, R.M.A., Silverstre, S.M. (2009). Recent Advances of Bismuth (III) Salts in Organic Chemistry: Application to the Synthesis of Heterocycles of Pharmaceutical Interest. Current Organic Synthesis, 6: 426-470.
  20. Qiu, Y.Y., Yang, C.Q., Huo, J., Liu, Z.G. (2016). Synthesis of Co-N-C Immobilized on Carbon Nanotubes for Ethylbenzene Oxidation. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 424: 276-282.
  21. Jiang, Y.Q., Chowdhury, S., Balasubramanian, R. (2017). Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Hydrogels as Potential Adsorbents and Photocatalysts for Environmental Remediation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 327: 751-763.
  22. Ma, D.C, Zhao, J.Z., Chu, R., Yang, S.S., Zhao, Y., Hao, X.L., Li, L.Z., Zhang, L., Lu, Y., Yu, C.Z. (2013). Novel Synthesis and Characterization of Bismuth Nano/Microcrystals with Sodium Hypophosphite as Reductant. Advanced Powder Technology, 24(1): 79-85.
  23. Zhao, W.L., Zhu, M.Y., Dai, B. (2017). Cobalt-Nitrogen-Activated Carbon as Catalyst in Acetylene Hydrochlorination. Catalysis Communications, 98: 22-25.
  24. Du, X.Y., He, J., Zhu, J., Sun, L.J., An, S.S. (2012). Ag-Deposited Silica-Coated Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles Catalyzed Reduction of p-Nitrophenol. Applied Surface Science, 258(7): 2717-2723.
  25. Gao, J., Jian, X., Wen, S.X., Hu, J., Liu, H.L. (2015). Plasma-Assisted Synthesis of Ag Nanoparticles Immobilized in Mesoporous Cellular Foams and Their Catalytic Properties for 4-Nitrophenol Reduction. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 207: 149-155.