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Synthesis, Structural Characterization of a New Ni(II) Complex and Its Catalytic Activity for Oxidation of Benzyl Alcohol

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China

Received: 30 Mar 2022; Revised: 25 Apr 2022; Accepted: 26 Apr 2022; Available online: 6 May 2022; Published: 30 Jun 2022.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

In ethanol-water (v:v = 1:1), a new Ni(II) complex, [Ni(L)2(H2O)2] (1) (HL = 6-phenylpyridine-2-carboxylic acid) was synthesized using 6-phenylpyridine-2-carboxylic acid, NaOH and Ni(CH3COO)2.4H2O. The structure of complex 1 has been determined by elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The single crystal analysis shows that complex 1 contains one Ni(II) ion, two L ligands and  two coordinated water molecules. In 1, the Ni(II) ion is six-coordinated to two O atoms and two N atoms from L ligands and two O atoms from coordinated water molecules, respectively, which form a distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The whole unit of complex 1 is interconnected to each other through intermolecular N−H•••O hydrogen bonds involving oxygen atom of coordinated water molecule and the oxygen atoms of  L ligand to form 1D molecular architecture. The catalytic activity of complex 1 for oxidation of benzyl alcohol with O2 was investigated. The complex 1 shows good catalytic performance for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol, the benzyl alcohol conversion, benzaldehyde selectivity, and benzaldehyde yield were 49.1%, 92.0%, and 45.2%, respectively, at 90 °C under 0.7 Mpa O2 for 2 h. Moreover, complex 1 could be recovered easily by centrifugation and used repetitively for at least four times. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

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Keywords: 6-Phenylpyridine-2-carboxylic acid; Ni (II) complex; Synthesis; Single crystal structure; Catalytic activity
Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 21171132; Science Foundation of Weiyuan Scholars Innovation Team

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