Cu/Pd Bimetallic Supported on Mesoporous TiO2 for Suzuki Coupling Reaction
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Generally bimetallic catalysts are more superior to monometallic catalysts and provide a better platform for the development of novel catalysts with enhanced activity, selectivity, and stability. In the current work we have prepared Cu/Pd bimetallic supported on mesoporous TiO2 by hydrothermal method. The prepared system was characterized by various physico-chemical techniques such as XRD, TG-DTG, SEM, EDAX, BJH isotherm, and XPS. Thermal stability and complete electronic structure were identified from TG and XPS measurements respectively. The bimetallic system was found to be very active in Suzuki cross-coupling reaction using different substrates. The products were separated and purified by column chromatography and the resultant products were characterized thoroughly by 1H NMR, and FT-IR analysis. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved
Received: 26th July 2017; Revised: 10th January 2018; Accepted: 12nd January 2018; Available online: 11st June 2018; Published regularly: 1st August 2018
How to Cite: Mohan, M.K., Sunajadevi, K.R., Daniel, N.K., Gopi, S., Sugunan, S., Perumparakunnel, C.N. (2018). Cu/Pd Bimetallic Supported on Mesoporous TiO2 for Suzuki Coupling Reaction. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (2): 286-294 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1393.286-294)
- Miyaura, N., Suzuki, A. (1995). Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of Organoboron Compounds. Chem. Rev. 95: 2457-2483.
- Suzuki, A. (1999). Recent Advances in the Cross-Coupling Reactions of Organoboron Derivatives with Organic Electrophiles, J. Organomet. Chem. 576: 147-168.
- Baudoin, O., Cesario, M., Guenard, D., Gueritte, F. (2002). Application of the Palladium-Catalyzed Borylation/Suzuki Coupling (BSC) Reaction to the Synthesis of Biologically Active Biaryl Lactams. J. Org. Chem. 67: 1199-1207.
- Hassan, J., Gozzi, M., Schulz, E., Lemaire, M. (2002). Aryl-aryl Bond Formation One Century after the Discovery of the Ullmann Reaction. Chem. Rev. 102: 1359-1470.
- Kertesz, M., Choi, C.H., Yang, S. (2005). Conjugated Polymers and Aromaticity, Chem. Rev. 105: 3448-3481.
- Wei, S., Ma, Z., Wang, P., Dong, Z.,Ma, J. (2013). Anchoring of Palladium (II) in Functionalized SBA-16: An Efficient Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki Coupling Reaction. J. Mol. Catal. A. 370: 175-181.
- Erathodiyil, N.,Ooi, S., Seayad, A.M., Han, Y., Lee, S.S., Ying, J.Y.(2008). Palladium Nanoclusters Supported on Propylurea‐Modified Siliceous Mesocellular Foam for Coupling and Hydrogenation Reactions, Chem. Eur. J. 14: 3118-3125.
- Hong, Y., Sen, A. (2007). Selective Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation by Recyclable Poly(allylamine) Gel-Supported Palladium(0) Nanoparticles, Chem. Mater. 19: 961-963.
- Guobin, W., Wei, D., Qian, L.,Weiliang, C., Jingchang, Z. (2012). Reverse Microemulsion Synthesis and Characterization of Supported Pd-Ag Bimetallic Alloy Catalysts on Al2O3 for Acetylene Hydrogenation, China Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Technology. 14: 59-67.
- Wu, L., Li, B.L., Huang, Y.Y., Zhou, H.F., He, Y.M., Fan, Q.H. (2006). Phosphine Dendrimer-stabilized Palladium Nanoparticles, a Highly Active and Recyclable Catalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura Reaction and Hydrogenation, Org. Lett. 8: 3605-3608.
- Diallo, A.K., Ornelas, C., Salmon, L., Aranzaes, J.R., Astruc, D. (2007). Catalytic Activity and Atom-Leaching Mechanism in Miyaura-Suzuki Reactions under Ambient Conditions with Precise Dendrimer-stabilized Pd Nanoparticles, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 46: 8644-8648.
- Jafar Hoseini, S., Heidari, V., Nasrabadi, H. (2015). Magnetic Pd/Fe3O4/reduced-Graphene Oxide Nanohybrid as an Efficient and Recoverable Catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura Coupling Reaction in Water, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 396: 90-95.
- Senapati, K.K., Roy, S., Borgohain, C., Phukan, P. (2012). Palladium Nanoparticle Supported on Cobalt Ferrite: An Efficient Magnetically Separable Catalyst for Ligand Free Suzuki Coupling. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 352: 128-134.
- Yang, H., Li, G., Ma, Z.C., Chao, J.B., Guo, Z.Q. (2010). Three-dimensional Cubic Mesoporous Materials with a Built-in N-Heterocyclic Carbene for Suzuki–Miyaura Coupling of Aryl Chlorides and C(sp3)-chlorides. J. Catal. 276: 123-133.
- Wei, S., Ma, Z., Wang, P., Dong, Z., Ma, J. (2013). Anchoring of Palladium (II) in Functionalized SBA-16: An Efficient Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki Coupling Reaction. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 370: 175-181.
- Yuan, B., Pan, Y., Li, Y., Yin, B., Jiang, H. (2010). A Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Catalyst for the Suzuki–Miyaura and Ullmann Coupling Reactions of Aryl Chlorides in Aqueous Media, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49: 4054-4058.
- Tan, L.F., Wu, X. L., Chen, D., Liu, H.Y., Meng, X.W., Tang, F.Q. (2013). Confining Alloy or Core–Shell Au–Pd Bimetallic Nanocrystals in Silica Nanorattles for Enhanced Catalytic Performance, J Mater. Chem. A. 1: 10382-10388.
- Shaabani, A., Mahyari, M. (2013). Pd-Co Bimetallic Nanoparticles Supported on PPI-Grafted Graphene as an Efficient Catalyst for Sonogashira Reactions, J. Mater. Chem. A. 1: 9303-9311.
- Kim, S.J., Oh, S.D., Lee, S., Choi, S.H. (2008). Radiolytic Synthesis of Pd-M (M = Ag, Ni, and Cu)/C Catalyst and their Use in Suzuki-type and Heck-type Reaction, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 14: 449-456.
- Xu, W., Sun, Y.L., Guo, M.H., Zhang, W.Q., Gao, Z.W. (2014). Sonogashira Couplings on the Surface of Montmorillonite Supported Pd/Cu Nanoalloys, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 6: 20261-20268.
- Matos, K., Soderquist, J.A. (1998). Alkylboranes in the Suzuki−Miyaura Coupling: Stereochemical and Mechanistic Studies, J. Org. Chem. 63: 461-470.
- Miyaura, N., Suzuki, A. (1995). Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of Organoboron Compounds, Chem. Rev. 95: 2457-2483.
- Ramchandani, R.K., Uphade, B.S., Vinod, M.P., Wakharkar, R.D., Choudary, V.R., Sudalai, A. (1997). Pd–Cu–Exchanged Montmorillonite K10 Clay: An Efficient and Reusable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Vinylation of Aryl Halides, Chem. Commun. 2071-2072
- Sambiagio, C., Marsden S.P., Blacker A.J., McGowan P.C. (2014). Copper Catalysed Ullmann Type Chemistry: From Mechanistic Aspects to Modern Development, Chem. Soc. Rev. 21: 3525-3550.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
As a journal Author, you have rights for a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institute or company. These Author rights can be exercised without the need to obtain specific permission.
Authors publishing in BCREC journals have wide rights to use their works for teaching and scholarly purposes without needing to seek permission, including: use for classroom teaching by Author or Author's institutionand presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees; use for internal training by author's company; distribution to colleagues for their reseearch use; use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works; inclusion in a thesis or dissertation; reuse of portions or extrcats from the article in other works (with full acknowledgement of final article); preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgement of final article); voluntary posting on open web sites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes (follow CC by SA License).
Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright publishing of the article shall be assigned to Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc., will be allowed only with a written permission from Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
Remember, even though we ask for a transfer of copyright, our journal authors retain (or are granted back) significant scholarly rights.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form BCREC 2016]
The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Prof. Dr. I. Istadi (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Telp.: +62-24-7460058, Fax.: +62-24-76480675