Fe/Indonesian Natural Zeolite as Hydrodeoxygenation Catalyst in Green Diesel Production from Palm Oil

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1382.245-255
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Submitted: 24-07-2017
Published: 11-06-2018
Section: Original Research Articles
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The Petroleum diesel-based fossil fuel remains the primary source of energy consumption in Indonesia. The utilization of this unrenewable fuel depletes fossil fuels; thus, an alternative, renewable fuel, such as one based on biohydrocarbon from biomass-green diesel-could be an option. In this work, green diesel was produced through the hydrodeoxygenation from palm oil and processed in a batch-stirred autoclave reactor over natural zeolite (NZ) and NZ modified with 3 wt.% Fe metal (Fe/NZ) as heterogeneous catalyst. NZ showed high crystallinity and suitability to the simulated pattern of the mordenite and clinoptilolite phases according to X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The presence of Fe metal was further confirmed by XRD, with an additional small diffraction peak of Fe0 that appeared at 2θ = 44-45°. Meanwhile, NZ and Fe/NZ were also characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), and Surface Area Analyzer (SAA). The obtained materials were tested for the conversion of palm oil into diesel-range hydrocarbons (C15-C18) under conditions of 375 °C and 12 bar H2 for 2 h. NZ and Fe/NZ produced a liquid hydrocarbon with straight-chain (C15-C18) alkanes as the most abundant products. Based on Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) measurement, a higher conversion of palm oil into diesel-like hydrocarbons reached more than 58% and 89%, when NZ and Fe modified NZ (Fe/NZ), respectively were used as catalysts. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 24th July 2017; Revised: 10th November 2017; Accepted: 15th November 2017; Available online: 11st June 2018; Published regularly: 1st August 2018

How to Cite: Putra, R., Lestari, W.W., Wibowo, F.R., Susanto, B.H. (2018). Fe/Indonesian Natural Zeolite as Hydrodeoxygenation Catalyst in Green Diesel Production from Palm Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (2): 245-255 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1382.245-255)

 

Keywords

Indonesian Natural Zeolite; Iron Metal; Hydrodeoxygenation; Palm Oil; Green Diesel

  1. Riandy Putra 
    Master of Chemistry Program, Graduate School, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami No.36A, Kentingan, Jebres Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
  2. Witri Wahyu Lestari  Orcid Scopus
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Kentingan, jebres, Surakarta, Indonesia
    I am an Inorganic lecturer at Chemistry Department UNS Solo. My department and my UNiversty both are  "A" accreditated according to BAN PT
  3. Fajar Rakhman Wibowo  Scopus
    Master of Chemistry Program, Graduate School, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami No.36A, Kentingan, Jebres Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
  4. Bambang Heru Susanto  Scopus
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok, 16424, Indonesia
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