Methyl Violet Degradation Using Photocatalytic and Photoelectrocatalytic Processes Over Graphite/PbTiO3 Composite

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1354.127-135
Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 19-07-2017
Published: 02-04-2018
Section: Original Research Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methyl violet dye using Graphite/PbTiO3 composites has been conducted. The purposes of this research were to examine photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methyl violet using Graphite/PbTiO3 composite. Synthesis of         Graphite/PbTiO3 composite was successfully performed via sol-gel method by mixing graphite powder, titanium tetra isopropoxide precursor solution (TTIP) and Pb(NO3)2. The Graphite/PbTiO3 composites were characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform-Infra Red (FT-IR), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The XRD diffractogram and IR spectrum of Graphite/PbTiO3 composite revealed all characteristic peak of graphite and PbTiO3. Photocatalytic degradation process showed that Graphite/PbTiO3 composite with ratio 1/1 decreased concentrations of methyl violet up to 92.20 %. While photoelectrocatalytic degradation processed for 30 minutes at neutral pH and 10 V voltage degraded the methyl violet until 94 %. However, the photoelectrocatalysis is still not significance to improve methyl violet degradation compared with photocatalysis. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 19th July 2017; Revised: 8th September 2017; Accepted: 8th September 2017; Available online: 22nd January 2018; Published regularly: 2nd April 2018

How to Cite: Purnawan, C., Wahyuningsih, S., Nawakusuma, V. (2018). Methyl Violet Degradation Using Photocatalytic and Photoelectrocatalytic Processes Over Graphite/PbTiO3 Composite. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1): 127-135 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1354.127-135)

 

Keywords

Graphite/PbTiO3; Photocatalytic; Photoelectrocatalytic degradation; Methyl violet

  1. Candra Purnawan  Orcid Scopus
    Analytical and Environmental Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
  2. Sayekti Wahyuningsih 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
  3. Vaishnavita Nawakusuma 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
  1. Black, J.J., Holmes, M., Dymerskidan, P.P., Zapisek, W.F. (1980). Fish Tumor Pathology and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution in a Great Lakes Estuary, New York: Plenum Press.
  2. Azmi, W., Sanidan, R.K., Banerjee, U.C. (1998). Biodegradation of Triphenylmethane Dyes, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 22: 185-191.
  3. Senthilkumaar, S., Porkodi, K. (2005). Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Decomposition of Crystal Violet in UV-illuminated Sol–Gel Derived Nanocrystalline TiO2 Suspensions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 288: 184-189.
  4. Gholami, T., Bazarganipour, M., Niasari, M.S., Bagheri, S. (2015), Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue on TiO2@SiO2 Core/Shell Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Characterization, Journal of Material Science: Materials in Electronics, 26: 6170-6177.
  5. Yoneyama H., Torimoto, T. (2000). Titanium Dioxide/Adsorbent Hybrid Photocatalysts for Photodestruction of Organic Substances of Dilute Concentrations, Catalyst Today, 58: 133-140.
  6. Kim, H.G., Hwang, D.W., Lee, J.S. (2004), An Undoped, Single-Phase Oxide Photocatalyst Working under Visible Light, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126: 8912-8913.
  7. Alcock, N.W. (1990). Bonding and Structure—Structural Principles in Inorganic and Organic Chemistry, New York: Ellis Horwood.
  8. Kim, H.G., Becker, O.S., Jang, J.S., Ji, S.M., Borse, P.H., Lee, J.S. (2006), A Generic Method of Visible Loght Sensitization for Perovskite-related Layered Oxides: Substitution Effect of Lead, Solid State Chemistry, 179: 1214-1218.
  9. Wahyuningsih, S., Purnawan, C., Saraswati, T.E., Kartikasaridan P.A., Praistia N. (2014). Visible Light Photoelectrocatalytic Degradation of Rhodamine B Using a Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Electrode, Chemical Papers, 68: 1248-1256.
  10. Purnawan, C., Wahyuningsih, S., Kusuma, P.P. (2016). Photocatalytic and Photoelectrocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange Using Graphite/PbTiO3 Composite, Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 16: 347-352.
  11. Wang, Y.W. (2006). Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanium Dioxide and Decomposition of Dyes in Photocatalytic Membrane Reactors, Thesis, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology.
  12. Poulios, I., Aetopoulou, I. (1999). Photocatalytic Degradation of the Textile Dye Reactive Orange 16 in the Presence of TiO2 Suspensions, Environ. Technol., 20: 479.
  13. He, C., Xiong, Y., Zha, C., Wang, X., Zhu, X. (2003). Approach To Pulse Photoelectrocatalytic Process for the Degradation of Organic Pollutants, Journal of Chemistry Technology Biotechnology, 78: 717-723.
  14. Linsebigler, A.L., Lu, G., Yates, J.T. Jr. (1995). Photocatalyst on TiO2 Surface: Principles, Mechanisms, and Selected Result, Chemical Reviews 95: 735-758.
  15. Saeed, R., Ashfaq, M., Fahimuddin, (2010). Spectrophotometric Study on Kinetics of Solvatochromism of Methyl Violet in Aqueous Methanol, Chinese. Journal of Chemistry, 28: 891-895.