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Effect of pH on the Performance of Bi2O2CO3 Nanoplates for Methylene Blue Removal in Water by Adsorption and Photocatalysis

1Laboratory of Nanomaterial, An Giang University, 18 Ung Van Khiem St., Dong Xuyen Ward, Long Xuyen City, An Giang Province, Viet Nam

2Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

3Department of Environmental Engineering, International University, Quarter 6, Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

4 Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), 268 Ly Thuong Kiet St., Dist. 10, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

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Received: 7 Jan 2022; Revised: 13 Mar 2022; Accepted: 14 Mar 2022; Available online: 21 Mar 2022; Published: 30 Jun 2022.
Editor(s): Bunjerd Jongsomjit
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

In this study, a facile low-temperature hydrothermal method was applied for the synthesis of bismuth subcarbonate nanoplates (Bi2O2CO3). The material was then characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, BET, and TGA. The applicability of Bi2O2CO3 was evaluated via the treatment of methyl blue (MB) in water by adsorption and photocatalytic degradation. The experiment results with different pH from 2 to 12 indicate that the pH of the solution affected the surface charge of the synthesized Bi2O2CO3, thus having strong effects on the adsorption and photocatalytic degradation abilities of Bi2O2CO3 for MB removal. In adsorption tests, pH 6–7 is the most suitable condition for the adsorption of Bi2O2CO3. In photocatalytic tests, Bi2O2CO3 had the highest and lowest efficiencies of 64.19% (pH 5) and 17.59% (pH 2), respectively, under UV irradiation for 300 min. Copyright © 2022 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

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Keywords: Bi2O2CO3; pH; Methylene Blue; Adsorption; Photocatalysis

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