The Impact of Hydrogen Peroxide as An Oxidant for Solvent-free Liquid Phase Oxidation of Benzyl Alcohol using Au-Pd Supported Carbon and Titanium Catalysts

*Sarhan Sanaa Tareq  -  1Catalysis Science and Technology Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, Iraq
Mohd. Izham Saiman  -  Catalysis Science and Technology Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Taufiq-Yap Yun Hin  -  Catalysis Science and Technology Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abdul Halim Abdullah  -  Catalysis Science and Technology Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Umer Rashid  -  Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Received: 8 May 2017; Revised: 22 Feb 2018; Accepted: 6 Mar 2018; Published: 1 Aug 2018; Available online: 11 Jun 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

The solvent free oxidation of benzyl alcohol was conducted employing Au and Pd supported catalysts, while utilizing hydrogen peroxide 35% (H2O2) as the oxidant, H2O2 is  very cheap, mild, and an environment friendly reagent, which produced water as the only by-product. Various proportions of Au-Pd catalysts on carbon and titanium oxide activated as supports were synthesized through the use of sol immobilization catalyst synthesis technique. Characterization of the synthesized catalysts was performed using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). It was found that the synthesized Au-Pd/ activated carbon catalyst was  beneficial for the solvent free oxidation of benzyl alcohol after its containing high surface area measuring 871 m2g-1. Analysis of the TEM data and particle dimension revealed smaller and narrower particle size of 1 wt%. Thus, the distribution of Au-Pd/C was attained. Carbon-supported bimetallic catalysts presented a higher conversion compared to catalysts that are supported titanium oxide (TiO2) for for the oxidation reaction of benzyl alcohol. It was determined that this technique was a suitable process for catalyst synthesis with high selectivity, same distribution of the particle size and activations. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 8th May 2017; Revised: 22nd February 2018; Accepted: 6th March 2018; Available online: 11st June 2018; Published regularly: 1st August 2018

How to Cite: Sanaa Tareq, S., Saiman, M.I., Yun Hin, T.Y., Abdullah, A.H., Rashid, U. (2018). The Impact of Hydrogen Peroxide as An Oxidant for Solvent-free Liquid Phase Oxidation of Benzyl Alcohol using Au-Pd Supported Carbon and Titanium Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (2): 373-385 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.2.1204.373-385)

 

Keywords: Benzyl Alcohol; Solvent Free Oxidation; Hydrogen Peroxide; Palladium and Gold Supported Catalyst
Funding: Universiti Putra Malaysia

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