Negative Effect of Calcination to Catalytic Performance of Coal Char-loaded TiO2 Catalyst in Styrene Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidant

*Mukhamad Nurhadi -  Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman, Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75119, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Ratna Kusumawardani -  Department of Chemical Education, Universitas Mulawarman, Kampus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75119, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Hadi Nur -  Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
Received: 20 Apr 2017; Published: 2 Apr 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

The research of negative effect of calcination to catalytic performance of coal char-loaded TiO2 catalyst in styrene oxidation with hydrogen peroxide as oxidant has successfully done. The effects of calcination step to catalyst properties were characterized with Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), X-ray Difraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The catalytic performance of the catalysts has been investigated in styrene oxidation with hydrogen peroxide as oxidant. The catalytic study showed the calcination step influenced to catalytic properties and could decrease the catalytic performance of coal char-loaded TiO2 catalyst in styrene oxidation.  Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 20th April 2017; Revised: 8th September 2017; Accepted: 8th September 2017; Available online: 22nd January 2018; Published regularly: 2nd April 2018

How to Cite: Nurhadi, M., Kusumawardani, R., Nur, H. (2018). Negative Effect of Calcination to Catalytic Performance of Coal Char-loaded TiO2 Catalyst in Styrene Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidant. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1): 113-118 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1171.113-118)

 

Other format:

Keywords
Styrene; Oxidation; Calcination; Hydrogen peroxide
Cover Image

Article Metrics:

  1. Perego, C., Villa, P. (1997). Catalyst preparation methods. Catal. Today, 34(3-4): 281-305.
  2. Pinna, F., (1998). Supported metal catalysts preparation. Catal. Today, 41(1-3): 129-137.
  3. Jihui, W., Xuesong, D., Yujie, W., Yongdan, Li. (2015). Effect of the calcination temperature on the performance of a CeMoOx catalyst in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with ammonia. Catal. Today 245: 10-15.
  4. Zhang, G., Guo, T., Zheng, H., Li, Z. (2016). Effect of calcination temperature on catalytic performance of CuCe/AC catalysts for oxidative carbonylation of methanol. J. Fuel Chem. Technol., 44(6): 674-679.
  5. Sanjay, K., Abhishek, G., Goutam, D., Deepak, K. (2016). Effect of calcination temperature on stability and activity of Ni/MgAl2O4 catalyst for steam reforming of methane at high pressure condition. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 41: 14123-14132.
  6. Jie, Z., Bo, Y., Shaoyin, Z., Jianghua, Z., Yongdong, C., Li, C., Tongkuan, X., Weijie, C. (2015). Hydrogen production from ethanol over Ir/CeO2 catalyst: Effect of the calcination temperature. Fuel 159: 741-750
  7. Hasan, O. T., Samaneh, V., Ali, A. M. (2014). Effect of calcination conditions on the structure and catalytic performance of MgO supported Fe–Co–Ni catalyst for CO hydrogenation. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 17: 110-118.
  8. Xiaopeng, Z., Hua, W., Xiao, L., Jinyu, H., Xinli, Z., Qingfeng, G. (2016). Effect of calcination and metal loading on the characteristics of Co/NaY catalyst for liquid-phase hydrogenation of ethyl lactate to 1,2-propanediol. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 233: 184-193
  9. Dan, Y., Chidchon, S., Kenzi, S., Zengxi, L., Chunshan, L. (2016). Effect of calcination temperature on the catalytic activity of VPO for aldol condensation of acetic acid and formalin. Chem. Eng. J. 300: 160-168
  10. Nurhadi, M. (2017). Modification of Coal Char-loaded TiO2 by Sulfonation and Alkylsilylation to Enhance Catalytic Activity in Styrene Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidant. Bull. Chem. React. Eng. Catal., 12(1): 55-61.
  11. Zhan, W., Guo, Y., Wang, Y., Guo, Y., Liu, X., Wang, Y., Lu, G. (2009). Study of Higher Selectivity to Styrene Oxide in the Epoxidation of Styrene with Hydrogen Peroxide over La-Doped MCM-48 Catalyst. J. Phys. Chem. C, 113(17): 7181-7185
  12. Liu, Y., Chen, J., Yao, J., Lu, Y., Zhang, L., Liu, X. (2009). Preparation and properties of sulfonated carbon–silica composites from sucrose dispersed on MCM-48. Chem. Eng. J., 148(1): 201-206
  13. Hasegawa, G., Kanamori, K., Nakanishi, K., Hanada, T. (2010). Fabrication of activated carbons with well-defined macropores derived from sulfonated poly(divinylbenzene) networks. Carbon. 48(6): 1757-1766.
  14. Yu, Y. (2004). Preparation of nanocrystalline TiO2-coated coal fly ash and effect of iron oxides in coal fly ash on photocatalytic activity. Powder Technol., 146(1-2): 154-159.
  15. Peng, L., Philippaerts, A., Ke, X., Van Noyen, J., De Clippel, F., Van Tendeloo, G., Sels, B. F. (2010). Preparation of sulfonated ordered mesoporous carbon and its use for the esterification of fatty acids. Catal. Today. 150(1-2): 140-146.
  16. Poh, N.E., Nur, H., Muhid, M.N.M., Hamdan, H. (2006). Sulphated AlMCM-41: Mesoporous solid Brønsted acid catalyst for dibenzoylation of biphenyl. Catal. Today. 114(2-3): 257-262.
  17. Leofanti, G., Padovan, M., Tozzola, G., Venturelli, B. (1998). Surface area and pore texture of catalysts. Catal. Today, 41(1-3): 207-219.
  18. Walker, J. (1986). Coal derived carbons. Carbon, 24(4): 379-386.