Simultaneous Control of NOx-Soot by Substitutions of Ag and K on Perovskite (LaMnO3) Catalyst
Copyright (c) 2018 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
The different Ag and K substituted perovskite catalysts including base catalyst were LaMnO3 by the solid state method and the diesel soot was prepared in the laboratory. Their structures and physico-chemical properties were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET, SEM, H2-TPR, and XPS techniques. The Ag Substituted at A-site perovskite structured catalysts are more active than other type of catalysts for the simultaneous soot-NOX reaction, When Ag and K are simultaneously introduced into LaMnO3 catalyst, soot combustion is largely accelerated, with the temperature (Tm) for maximal soot conversion lowered by at least 50 °C, moreover, NOX reduction by soot is also facilitated. The high activity of La0.65Ag0.35MnO3 perovskite catalyst is attributed to presence of metallic silver in the catalyst. The activity order of Ag doped LaMnO3 is as follows La0.65Ag0.35MnO3 > La0.65Ag0.2MnO3 > La0.65Ag0.4MnO3 > La0.65Ag0.1MnO3. The dual substitution of silver and potassium in place of La in LaMnO3 gives better activity than only silver doped catalyst. In a series of La0.65AgxK1-xMnO3, the optimum substitution amount of K is for x=0.25. The single and doubled substituted perovskite catalyst proved to be effective in the simultaneous removal of NOX and soot particulate, the two prevalent pollutants in diesel exhaust gases in the temperature range 350-480 °C. Copyright © 2018 BCREC Group. All rights reserved
Received: 19th July 2017; Revised: 8th September 2017; Accepted: 8th September 2017; Available online: 22nd January 2018; Published regularly: 2nd April 2018
How to Cite: Dhal, G.C., Dey, S., Mohan, D., Prasad, R. (2018). Simultaneous Control of NOx-Soot by Substitutions of Ag and K on Perovskite (LaMnO3) Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1): 144-154 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1152.144-154)
- Mwangi, J.K., Lee, W-J., Chang, Y-C., Chia-Chen, Y., Wang, L-C. (2015). An Overview: Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction by Using Green Fuel Blends in Diesel Engines, Applied Energy, 159: 214-236.
- Mishra, A., Prasad, R. (2015). Development of Highly Efficient Double-Substituted Perovskite Catalysts for Abatement of Diesel Soot Emissions. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 17: 2337–2347.
- Hoekman, S.K., Robbins, C. (2012). Review of the Effects of Biodiesel on NOx Emissions, Fuel Processing Technology, 96: 237-249.
- Cheng, Y., Liu, J., Zhao, Z., Wei, Y. (2017). Highly Efficient and Simultaneously Catalytic Removal of PM and NOx from Diesel Engines with 3DOM Ce0.8M0.1Zr0.1O2(M = Mn, Co, Ni) Catalysts, Chemical Engineering Science, 167: 219-228.
- Huang, H., Liu, J., Sun, P., Ye, S. (2016). Study on the Simultaneous Reduction of Diesel Engine Soot and NO with Nano-CeO2 Catalysts, RSC Adv., 6: 102028.
- Atribak, I., Bueno-López, A., García-García, A. (2008). Combined Removal of Diesel Soot Particulates and NOx over CeO2–ZrO2 Mixed Oxides. Journal of Catalysis. 259: 123–132.
- Banús, E.D., Ulla, M.A., Miró, E.E., Milt, V.G. (2013). Structured Catalysts for Soot Combustion for Diesel Engines. Diesel Engine–Combustion, Emissions and Condition Monitoring Application, Chapter-5, 117–142.
- Biamino, S., Fino, P., Fino, D., Russo, N., Badini, C. (2005). Catalyzed Traps for Diesel Soot Abatement: In Situ Processing and Deposition of Perovskite Catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 61: 297–305.
- Yuvarajan, D., Ravikumar, J., Babu, M.D. 2016. Simultaneous Optimization of Smoke and NOx Emissions in a Stationary Diesel Engine Fuelled with Diesel–Oxygenate Blends Using the Grey Relational Analysis in the Taguchi Method, Anal. Methods, 8: 6222
- Bin, F., Song, C., Lv, G., Song, J., Gong, C., Huang, Q. (2011). La1-xKxCoO3 and LaCo1-yFeyO3 Perovskite Oxides: Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Performance in the Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 50: 6660–6667.
- Zwinkels, M.F.M., Järås, S.G., Menon, P.G., Griffin, T. (1993). Catalytic Materials for High-Temperature Combustion. Catalysis Reviews. 35(3): 319-358.
- Cortés-Reyes, M., Herrera, M.C., Pieta, I.S., Larrubia, M.A., Alemanya, L.J. (2016). In Situ TG-MS Study of NOx and Soot Removal over LNT Model Catalysts, Applied Catalysis A: General, 523: 193-199.
- Peña, M.A., Fierro, J.L.G. (2001). Chemical Structures and Performance of Perovskite Oxides. Chemical Review. 101(7): 1981–2018.
- Liu, S., Wu, X., Weng, D., Ran, R. (2015). Ceria-based Catalysts for Soot Oxidation: A Review, Journal of Rare Earths, 33(6): 567-590.
- Saracco, G., Scibilia, G., Iannibello, A., Baldi, G. (1996). Methane Combustion on Mg-doped LaCrO3 Perovskite Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 8: 229-244.
- Wang, K., Qian, L., Zhang, L., Liu, H., Yan, Z. (2010). Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Soot Particulates over La0.7Ag0.3MnO3 Perovskite Oxide Catalysts. Catalysis Today, 158: 423–426.
- Mishra, A., Prasad, R. (2014). Preparation and Application of Perovskite Catalysts for Diesel Soot Emissions Control: An Overview. Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering, 56(1): 57-81,
- Matarrese, R., Morandi, S., Castoldi, L., Villa, P., Lietti, L. (2017). Removal of NOx and Soot over Ce/Zr/K/Me (Me = Fe, Pt, Ru, Au) Oxide Catalysts, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 201: 318-330.
- Saracco, G., Geobaldo, F., Baldi, G. (1999). Methane Combustion on Mg-doped LaMnO3 Perovskite Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 20: 277-288.
- Xu, H., Yan, N., Qu, Z., Liu, W., Mei, J., Huang, W., Zhao, S. (2017). Gaseous Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions over Mn-Based Oxides for Environmental Applications: A Critical Review, Environ. Sci. Technol., 51 (16): 8879-8892.
- Matarrese, R., Aneggi, E., Castoldi, L., Llorca, J., Trovarelli, A., Liettia. L. (2016). Simultaneous Removal of Soot and NOx over K- and Ba-doped Ruthenium Supported Catalysts, Catalysis Today, 267: 119-129.
- Ascaso, S., Moliner, R., Gálvez, M.E., Lazaro, M.J. (2013). Influence of the Alkali Promoter on the Activity and Stability of Transition Metal (Cu, Co, Fe) Based Structured Catalysts for the Simultaneous Removal of Soot and NOx. Topics in Catalysis. 56: 493-498.
- Zhu, R., Yan, Q., He, J., Cao, G., Ouyang, F. (2017). Simultaneous Removal of Soot and NOx with Ru-Ir/TiO2 Catalyst under Oxygen-Rich Condition, Applied Catalysis A: General, 541: 42-49.
- Bueno-López, A., Lozano-Castelló. D., .McCue, A.J., James A. (2017). NOx Storage and Reduction over Copper-Based Catalysts. Part 3: Simultaneous NOx and Soot Removal, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 198: 266-275.
- Guo, X., Meng, M., Dai, F., Li, Q., Zhang, Z., Jiang, Z., Zhang, S., Huang, Y. (2013). NOx-assisted Soot Combustion over Dually Substituted Perovskite Catalysts La1−xKxCo1−yPdyO3−δ, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 142-143: 278-289.
- Bueno-López, A., Lozano-Castelló, D., Anderson, J.A. (2016). NOx Storage and Reduction over Copper-Based Catalysts. Part 2: Ce0.8M0.2Oδ supports (M = Zr, La, Ce, Pr or Nd), Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 198: 234-242.
- Liu, J., Zhao, Z., ng Xu, C. Duan, A., Meng, T., Bao, X. (2007). Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot Particulates over Nanometric La2−xKxCuO4 Complex Oxide Catalysts, Catalysis Today, 119(1-4): 267-272.
- Pecchi, G., Dinamarca, R., Campos, C.M., Garcia, X., Jimenez, R., Fierro, J.L.G. (2014). Soot Oxidation on Silver-Substituted LaMn0.9Co0.1O3 Perovskites, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53(24): 10090–10096.
- Wang, K., Qian, L., Zhang, L., Liu, H., Yan, Z. (2010). Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Soot Particulates over La0.7Ag0.3MnO3 Perovskite Oxide Catalysts, Catalysis Today, 158: 423–426.
- Yang, R., Gao, Y., Wang, J., Wang, Q. (2014). Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) Derived Catalysts for Simultaneous Catalytic Removal of Soot and NOx, Dalton Trans., 43: 10317.
- Wang, Z., Lu, P., Zhang, X., Wang, L., Li, Q., Zhang, Z. (2015). NOx Storage and Soot Combustion over Well Dispersed Mesoporous Mixed Oxides via Hydrotalcite-Like Precursors, RSC Adv., 5: 52743.
- Bockhorn, H., Kureti, S., Reichert, D. (2007). Study on the Mechanism of the Catalytic Conversion of NOx and Soot into N2 and CO2 on Fe2O3 in Diesel Exhaust. Topics in Catalysis. 42-43(1-4): 283–286.
- Liu, J., Zhao, Z., Xu, C., Duan, A. (2008). Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot over Nanometer Ln-Na-Cu-O Perovskite-Like Complex Oxide Catalysts, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 78: 61–72.
- Bosch, H., Janssen, F. (1998). Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides: A Review of the Fundamentals and Technology. Catalysis Today. 2: 457-487.
- Boyano, A., Lázaro, M.J., Cristiani, C., Maldonado-Hodar, F.J., Forzatti, P., Moliner, R. (2009). A Comparative Study of V2O5/AC and V2O5/Al2O3 Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by NH3. Chemical Engineering Journal. 3:149-173.
- Brosius, R., Arve, K., Groothaert, M.H., Martens, J.A. (2005). Adsorption Chemistry of NOx on Ag/Al2O3 Catalyst for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx Using Hydrocarbons. Journal of Catalysis. 231: 344–353.
- Castoldi, L., Matarrese, R., Lietti, L., Forzatti, P. (2006). Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Soot on Pt–Ba/Al2O3 NSR Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 64: 25–34.
- Trivedi, S., Prasad, R. (2016). Reactive Calcination Route for Synthesis of Active Mn–Co3O4 Spinel Catalysts for Abatement of CO–CH4 Emissions from CNG Vehicles, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4: 1017–1028.
- Bin, F., Song, C., Lv, G., Song, J., Gong, C., Huang, Q. (2011). La1-xKxCoO3 and LaCo1-yFeyO3 Perovskite Oxides: Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Performance in the Simultaneous Removal of NOX and Diesel Soot, 2011, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50(11): 6660–6667.
- Zhao, B., Wang, R., Yang, X. (2009). Simultaneous Catalytic Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot Particulates over La1−xCexNiO3 Perovskite Oxide Catalysts, Catalysis Communications, 10(7): 1029-1033.
- Li, Z., Meng, M., Zha, Y., Dai, F.F., Hu, T., Xie, Y., Zhang, J. (2012). Highly Efficient Multifunctional Dually-Substituted Perovskite Catalysts La1−xKxCo1−yCuyO3−δ used for Soot Combustion, NOx Storage and Simultaneous NOx-Soot Removal, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 121-122: 65-74.
Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc., will be allowed only with a written permission from Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form BCREC 2016]
The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Prof. Dr. I. Istadi (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Telp.: +62-24-7460058, Fax.: +62-24-76480675