Studying Impact of Different Precipitating Agents on Crystal Structure, Morphology and Photocatalytic Activity of Bismuth Oxide

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.1144.478-484
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Submitted: 12-04-2017
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: Original Research Articles
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Bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) is a well-studied photocatalyst for degradation of various environmental contaminants. In this research Bi2O3 has been synthesized by precipitation method using two different bases (NH4OH and NaOH). The samples thus obtained were then analyzed using FTIR, XRD, and SEM for surface functionalization, crystal structures and morphological differences, respectively. The Bi2O3 precipitated using NH4OH showed a flower like structure made up of individual plates having α-Bi2O3 crystal structure. The precipitate obtained using NaOH showed a honeycomb like flower structure with a mixture of both α-Bi2O3 and γ-Bi2O3 crystal structure. Degradation of methyl orange (MO) was used as a model system to test the photocatalytic activity of the bismuth oxide. The Bi2O3 synthesized using NH4OH showed superior photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange than the one synthesized using NaOH. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 12nd April 2017; Revised: 24th June 2017; Accepted: 12nd July 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Astuti, Y., Arnelli, Pardoyo, Fauziyah, A., Nurhayati, S., Wulansari, A.D., Andianingrum, R., Widiyandari, H., Bhaduri, G.A. (2017). Studying Impact of Different Precipitating Agents on Crystal Structure, Morphology and Photocatalytic Activity of Bismuth Oxide. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 478-484 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.1144.478-484)

 

Keywords

Bismuth oxide; photocatalyst; precipitation; precipitating agents

  1. Yayuk Astuti 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  2. Arnelli Arnelli 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  3. Pardoyo Pardoyo 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  4. Amilia Fauziyah 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  5. Siti Nurhayati 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  6. Arum Dista Wulansari 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  7. Rizka Andianingrum 
    Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  8. Hendri Widiyandari 
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
  9. Gaurav A. Bhaduri 
    School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
    School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials
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