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Effect of CTAB Ratio to the Characters of Mesoporous Silica Prepared from Rice Husk Ash in the Pyrolysis of a–cellulose

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Computer Science, Pertamina University, Teuku Nyak Arief, Simprug, Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta 12220, Indonesia

2Forest Products Research and Development Center, The Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Bogor, 16610, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

5 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

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Received: 14 Apr 2021; Revised: 30 Jun 2021; Accepted: 1 Jul 2021; Published: 30 Sep 2021; Available online: 5 Jul 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Due to its wide application, synthesizing silica through a cost-effective process becomes an attractive subject to be studied today. In this work, mesoporous silica (MS) was prepared from the highly available agricultural waste, rice husk ash (RHA), to be used as catalyst in the pyrolysis of a-cellulose. Silica was extracted from RHA through a reflux process in a strong base solution and arranged into a mesoporous structure by using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). To find a condition that produces a mesoporous support with the highest surface area and catalytic activity, the mole ratios of CTAB:SiO2 used during the preparation of MS were varied; 0.05:1; 0.1:1; 0.2:1. Afterwards, all prepared MS were characterized using Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and Surface Area Analyzer (SAA). Through he surface area analysis, it was found that MS materials possessed surface area, pore diameter, and pore volume that range from 600–970 m2.g1, 3.5–4.7 nm, 0.7–1 cm3.g1, respectively. The highest surface area, with over 970.80 m2.g1, was obtained in MS support prepared by using CTAB:SiO2 mole ratio of 0.1:1. SEM images showed a coral reef-like surface morphology for all MS. In the pyrolysis of a-cellulose evaluated by Py-GCMS, aside from producing biofuel compounds, the use of MS was able to generate two-fold furan production, which is considered as a valuable compound in many chemical syntheses. This result highlights the potential of MS prepared from RHA to be used as a catalysis support material that is more economical for biofuel and other chemical production. Copyright © 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

 

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Keywords: a–cellulose; mesoporous silica; pyrolysis; rice husk; CTAB
Funding: Ministry of Research and Technology of Republic Indonesia under contract Konsorsium Riset Perguruan Tinggi 198/SP2H/LT/DRPM/2021

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Last update: 2021-10-15 00:37:41

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Last update: 2021-10-15 00:37:41

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