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Understanding Pore Surface Modification of Sucrose-Modified Iron Oxide/Silica Mesoporous Composite for Degradation of Methylene Blue

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A Surakarta, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A Surakarta, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Data Analytics, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Keputih, Sukolilo, Surabaya, Indonesia

4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara Bulaksumur 21 Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Received: 15 Mar 2021; Revised: 30 Apr 2021; Accepted: 5 May 2021; Published: 30 Sep 2021; Available online: 10 May 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Santa Barbara Amorphous (SBA-15) containing iron oxide with a sucrose-modified in a heterogeneous reaction for degradation methylene blue (MB) successful synthesized used hydrothermal, ultrasonication, and wet impregnation method. SBA-15 is mesoporous silica that can easily serve as external and internal surfaces making it suitable for a wide range of applications. The structure and morphology of materials were characterized using Surface Area Analyzer (SAA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X-Ray (SEM-EDX), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Iron oxide impregnated as a maghemite phase has an average size of 12 nm and well distributed on the SBA-15. After modified with sucrose the materials remaining stable, which has a two-dimensional hexagonal (p6mm) structure, high specific surface area, and large pore volume (up to 1.82 cm3.g1). The degradation of MB was evaluated under visible light irradiation using UV-Vis spectroscopy. Catalytic activity showed efficiencies of 52.9; 70.2; and 21.1% for SBA-15, Fe2O3/SBA-15, and sucrose-modified Fe2O3/SBA-15 respectively. Sucrose-modified Fe2O3/SBA-15 has the lowest efficiency, which probably occurs due to the presence of pore-blocking and the formation of micropores on the external pore. The modification with sucrose has the advantage of producing a high surface area even though there is a catalytic center due to partial decomposition which causes a decrease in the efficiency of degradation of MB. All materials provide a high micro surface area so that they can be further adapted and can be widely applied to many potential applications as both catalyst support and an adsorbent. Copyright © 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

 

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Keywords: Sucrose-modified; iron oxide silica; SBA-15; composite; Fe2O3/SBA-15; methylene blue
Funding: Program Penelitian Kolaborasi Indonesia (PPKI) under contract 102.1/UN27.22/HK.07.00/2021; Sebelas Maret University ; Gadjah Mada University

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