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Co-Solvent Free Electrochemical Synthesis of Biodiesel Using Graphite Electrode and Waste Concrete Heterogeneous Catalyst: Optimization of Biodiesel Yield

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Jl. Kaliurang KM 14.5, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55584, Indonesia, Indonesia

2Research Center for Materials and Electrochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Jl. Kaliurang KM 14.5, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55584, Indonesia

4 Nanotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Technology and Multidiscipline, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, 60115, Indonesia

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Received: 8 Feb 2021; Revised: 23 Mar 2021; Accepted: 23 Mar 2021; Available online: 25 Mar 2011; Published: 31 Mar 2021.
Editor(s): Is Fatimah, Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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This study optimized a co-solvent free electrochemical method for biodiesel synthesis using graphite electrode and waste concrete heterogeneous catalyst. Various parameters were evaluated, including: applied voltage (9.6, 14.4, 19.2 V), catalyst particle size uniformity (unfiltered and filtered with 150 mesh), and reaction time (15, 30, 120, 240 min). The results obtained 100% FAME content and 78.51% of biodiesel yield that were achieved at 14.4 V within 30 min using filtered catalyst and cooking oil feedstock. However, a slight decline was observed with the use of waste cooking oil. This optimized method offers a reliable and simple condition for mass biodiesel production. Copyright © 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (


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Keywords: Electrochemical Synthesis; Biodiesel; Waste Concrete; Heterogeneous Catalyst; Waste Cooking Oil
Funding: Universitas Islam Indonesia

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