ANALISIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN DAN ARAHAN RENCANA PENGEMBANGANNYA DI KOTA PAGAR ALAM,PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.19.3.218-229

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 07-12-2016
Published: 29-08-2017
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

The Development of competitive commodities in a region are expected to improve added value of the commodities, to increase society income and to improve regional economic conditions. This study was conducted (1) to analyse competitive commodities of agriculture in each district, (2) to analyse potential land for competitive commodities development (3) to analyse regional hierarchies (4) to formulate  direction of competitive commodities development plan. The competitive commodities were obtained using Location Quotient (LQ) and Shift Share Analysis (SSA). Analysis potential land for competitive commodities  development was analysed using land availability and suitability and geographical information system. Regional hierarchy was analysed using schalogram method. Competitive commodities  development direction considered based on potential land, regional hierarcy, compactness of land and local government policy. The results showed that competitive commodities in every district were coffee robusta, rice farming and cabbage. The direction development of coffee was given priority in South Dempo district area of 2,824.26 ha. Rice farming was given priority in Central Dempo district area of 1,496.13 ha. Meanwhile, development of cabbage is not available.

Keywords

competitive commodities, direction of development,potential land

  1. Ahmad Zamhari 
    Program Studi Ilmu Perencanaan Wilayah, Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
    Ilmu Perencanaan Wilayah
  2. Santun R.P. Sitorus 
  3. Andrea Emma Pravitasari 
  1. Ameriyani,P. (2014). Perencanaan pengembangan Sub Sektor Perikanan Laut Di Lima Kecamatan Di Kabupaten Rembang.Jurnal Economics Development Analysis. 3(1):225-234
  2. Blakely EJ. 1994. Planning Local Economic Development: Theory and Practice.2nd Edition. California (USA):International Education and Professional Publisher.
  3. Boix LR, Zinck JA. 2008. Land use planning in the chaco plain (Burruyacu; Argentina). Part 1: Evaluating land use options to support crop diversification in an agricultural frontier area using physical land evaluation. Environmental Management. 42: 1043 – 1063.
  4. [BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Pagar Alam. 2015. Pagar Alam Dalam Angka Tahun 2015. Pagar Alam (ID): Badan Pusat Statistik.
  5. [BBPPSDLP] Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. 2011. Petunjuk Teknis Evaluasi Lahan Untuk Komoditas Pertanian . Bogor (ID): BBPPSDLP Badan Litbang Kementerian Pertanian.
  6. Chiang S. 2009. Location quotient and trade. Annual Regional Science. 43: 339 – 414
  7. [FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization. 1976. A Framework for Land Evaluation. Rome (IT): Soil Bull. No. 32, FAO.
  8. Lillesand MT, Kiefer RW. 1993. Penginderaan Jauh dan Interpretasi Citra. [Terjemahan]. Yogyakarta (ID) : Gadjah Mada University Press.
  9. Manik, T.R., Adrianto, D.W., Subagiyo,A. 2013. Kajian Pengembangan Kawasan Agropolitan Seroja Kabupaten Lumajang. Jurnal Tata Kota dan Daerah. 5(1):65-76
  10. Nowar, W.,Baskoro,D.P.T.,Tjahjono,B. 2015. Analisis Kesesuaian Lahan Komoditas Unggulan dan Arahan Pengembangannya di Wilayah Kabupaten Cianjur.Jurnal Tataloka.17(2):87-98.
  11. Ogunlade MO, Aikpokpodion PO, Braimoh AK. 2012. Land suitability evaluation for cocoa production in Nigeria using fuzzy methodology. International Journal of Suitable Crop Production. 7: 13 – 20.
  12. Panuju, D.R., Rustiadi, E. 2013. Teknik Analisis Perencanaan Pengembangan Wilayah. Bogor (ID): Departemen Ilmu Tanah Dan Sumberdaya Lahan IPB
  13. Raharjo, S.,Widiatmaka, Sudadi,U. 2015. Analisis Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Komoditas Sayuran Unggulan di Kabupaten Batang.Jurnal pengelolaan Sumberdaya alam dan Lingkungan. 5(1) :33-41
  14. Setiawati, A.R., Sitorus, S.R.P, Widiatmaka. 2016. Perencanaan Penggunaan Lahan Komoditas Unggulan Perkebunan di Kabupaten Tanah Datar.Jurnal Tataloka 18(3):131-140
  15. Sitorus, S.R.P.,Mulya,S.P., Iswati,A., Panuju,D.R.,.Iman. L.O.S. 2014.Teknik Penentuan Komoditas Unggulan Pertanian Berdasarkan Potensi Wilayah dalam Rangka Pengembangan Wilayah. Dalam: Astuti,P., Manan, M., Dinata, A., Asteriani, F (Editor). Prosiding Seminar Nasional ASPISustainable and Resilient Cities and Regions; Pekan baru 17-18Oktober2014. Pekanbaru (ID): Universitas Islam Riau hlm 396-406.
  16. Sitorus,S.R.P., Purnamasari, A., Mulya, S.P. 2015. Analisis Keterkaitan Penggunaan Lahan. Rencana Pola Ruang dan Hirarki Wilayah di Kota Cilegon. Dalam: Putra, G.P.A., Sudharsana, M.G., Sukamara, N (Editor). ProsidingSeminar Nasional Tata Ruang dan SPACE II; Denpasar 15-17Oktober2015;Denpasar (ID): Universitas Hindu Indonesia hlm 501-508.
  17. Widiatmaka, Ambarwulan,W.,Sutomo,B.,Hamzah,U.,Warsono.P. 2014. Perancangan Tataguna Lahan Dan Tata Ruang Kawasan Perkotaan Berbasisi Pertanian:Studi Kasus Kota Terpadu Mandiri Transmigrasi Mesuji. Provinsi Lampung. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Multi Disiplin Ilmu.Jakarta 10 Mei 2014. Penyelenggara: Universitas Budi luhur hlm 98-105
  18. Wirosoedarmo,R.,Sutanhaji,A.T.,Kurniati,E., Wijayanti,R. 2011. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Jagung Menggunakan Analisis Spasial. Jurnal Agritech.31(1):71-78
  19. Yanis, M.N.,Guchi,H.,Sembiring,M. 2014. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Kabupaten Dairi Untuk Tanaman Kopi Robusta (coffea robusta lindl). Jurnal Agroteknologi.2(4):1464-1478
  20. Yustian, Sudadi,U., Ardiansyah,M. 2014. Arahan Dan Strategi Pengembangan Lahan Sawah Di Wilayah Pesisir Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Tanah dan lingkungan.16(1):31-37