Esterification of Benzyl Alcohol with Acetic Acid over Mesoporous H-ZSM-5

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.806.243-250
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Article Info
Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 01-08-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)

In this study, the performance of mesoporous ZSM-5 has been studied on the esterification of acetic acid (AA) with benzyl alcohol (BA). The mesoporous ZSM-5 catalyst has been synthesized with the variation of aging time i.e. 6, 12, and 24 hours at the same temperature, 70 °C. The cation exchange of Na-ZSM-5 to H-ZSM-5 was performed before the catalytic activity test. The acidity type and amount of solids were determined by FT-IR spectroscopy using pyridine as a probe molecule. The characterization by pyridine adsorption showed that at a higher mesoporous surface area, the number of Lewis acid was increased. The highest mesoporous surface area, Lewis, and Brönsted acid sites were obtained by sample which has the lowest crystallinity, i.e. 255.78 m2/g, 0.2732 mmol/g, and 0.20612 mmol/g, respectively. Influence of mesoporous volume was studied on the catalytic activity of the mesoporous ZSM-5 in the esterification reaction. Conversion of acetic acid in the esterification reaction for samples of    HZ-6, HZ-12, and HZ-24 were obtained by titration methods, i.e. 39.59, 36.39, and 32.90 %, respectively. Hence, the reaction temperature of 393 K, molar ratio 1:4 (AA:BA) and catalyst loading 5 % were selected as an optimum reaction parameters. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 1st February 2017; Accepted: 18th February 2017

How to Cite: Kusumaningtyas, D.T., Prasetyoko, D., Suprapto, Triwahyono, S., Jalil, A.A., Rosidah, A. (2017). Esterification of Benzyl Alcohol with Acetic Acid over Mesoporous H-ZSM-5. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 243-250 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.806.243-250)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.806.243-250

 

Keywords

Mesoporous, ZSM-5; Esterification; Acetic Acid; Benzyl Alcohol

  1. Desy Tri Kusumaningtyas 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, , Indonesia
  2. Didik Prasetyoko  Scholar
    (Scopus ID: 6507890461) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Laboratory of Energy, Center for Energy Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, , Indonesia
  3. Suprapto Suprapto 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, , Indonesia
  4. Sugeng Triwahyono 
    Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru 81310, , Malaysia
  5. Aishah Abdul Jalil 
    Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru 81310, , Malaysia
  6. Afifah Rosidah 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, , Indonesia

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