Performance of Platinum Nanoparticles / Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes / Bacterial Cellulose Composite as Anode Catalyst for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292
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Article Info
Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 01-08-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)

Highly dispersed platinum (Pt) nanoparticles / multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on bacterial cellulose (BC) as anode catalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) were prepared with various precursors and their electro-catalytic activities towards hydrogen oxidation at 70 oC under non-humidified conditions. The composite was prepared by deposition of Pt nanoparticles and MWCNTs on BC gel by impregnation method using a water solution of metal precursors and MWCNTs followed by reducing reaction using a hydrogen gas. The composite was characterized by using TEM (transmission electron microscopy), EDS (energy dispersive spectroscopy), and XRD (X-ray diffractometry) techniques. TEM images and XRD patterns both lead to the observation of spherical metallic Pt nanoparticles with mean diameter of 3-11 nm well impregnated into the BC fibrils. Preliminary tests on a single cell indicate that renewable BC is a good prospect to be explored as a membrane in fuel cell field. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 26th February 2017; Accepted: 27th February 2017

How to Cite: Aritonang, H.F., Kamu, V.S., Ciptati, C., Onggo, D., Radiman, C.L. (2017). Performance of Platinum Nanoparticles / Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes / Bacterial Cellulose Composite as Anode Catalyst for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 287-292 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292

 

Keywords

Type of Precursors; Anode Catalyst; Platinum Nanoparticles/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes/Bacterial Cellulose; Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

  1. Henry Fonda Aritonang 
    Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Jalan Kampus UNSRAT Kleak, Manado 95115 , Indonesia
  2. Vanda Selvana Kamu 
    Organic Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Jalan Kampus UNSRAT Kleak, Manado 95115 , Indonesia
  3. Ciptati Ciptati 
    Organic Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, , Indonesia
  4. Djulia Onggo 
    Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 , Indonesia
  5. Cynthia L. Radiman 
    Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 , Indonesia

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