Hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas Oil with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as Double Promoted Catalyst
Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Article Metrics: (Click on the button below to see the detail)
The effect of various reaction temperature on the hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas oil to produce a paraffin-rich mixture of hydrocarbons with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as doubled promoted catalyst were studied. The Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst with various metal loading and metal ratio was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation. The catalysts were characterized by XRD, AAS, and N2 adsorption-desorption. Surface area, pore diameter, and pore volume of catalysts decreased with the increasing of metals loading. The hydrocracking process was conducted under hydrogen initial pressure in batch reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer. The reaction was carried out at a temperature of 300-375 oC for 2 h. Depending on the experimental condition, the reaction pressure changed between 10 bar and 15 bar. Several parameters were used to evaluate biofuel produced, including oxygen removal, hydrocarbon composition and gasoline/kerosene/diesel yields. Biofuel was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic (FTIR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The composition of hydrocarbon compounds in liquid products was similar to the compounds in the gasoil sold in unit of Pertamina Gas Stations, namely pentadecane, hexadecane, heptadecane, octadecane, and nonadecane with different amounts for each biofuel produced at different reaction temperatures. However, isoparaffin compounds were not formed at all operating conditions. Pentadecane (n-C15) and heptadecane (n-C17) were the most abundant composition in gasoil when Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst was used. Cerbera Manghas oil can be recommended as the source of non-edible vegetable oil to produce gasoil as an environmentally friendly transportation fuel. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved
Received: 20th May 2016; Revised: 30th January 2017; Accepted: 10th February 2017
How to Cite: Marlinda, L., Al-Muttaqii, M., Gunardi, I., Roesyadi, A., Prajitno, D.H. (2017). Hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas Oil with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as Double Promoted Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 167-184 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.496.167-184)
Atabani, A.E., Silitonga, A.S., Ong, H.C., Mahlia, T.M.I., Masjuki, H.H., Badruddin, I A., Fayaz, H. (2013). Non-Edible Vegetable Oils: A Critical Evaluation of Oil Extraction, Fatty Acid Compositions, Biodiesel Production, Characteristics, Engine Performance and Emissions Production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18: 211-245.
Kim, S.K., Brand, S., Lee, H., Kim, Y., Kim, J. (2013). Production of Renewable Diesel by Hydrotreatment of Soybean Oil: Effect of Reaction Parameters. Chemical Engineering Journal, 228: 114-123.
Romero, M., Pizzi, A., Toscano, G., Casazza, A.A., Busca, G., Bosio, B., Arato, E. (2015). Preliminary Experimental Study on Biofuel Production by Deoxygenation of Jatropha Oil. Fuel Processing Technology, 137: 31-37.
Furimsky, E. (2013). Hydroprocessing Challenges in Biofuels Production. Catalysis Today, 217: 13-56.
Yigezu, Z.D., Muthukumar, K. (2014). Catalytic Cracking of Vegetable Oil with Metal Oxides for Biofuel Production. Energy Conversion and Management, 84: 326-333.
Verma, D., Rana, B.S., Kumar, R., Sibi, M.G., Sinha, A.K. (2015). Diesel and Aviation Kerosene with Desired Aromatics from Hydroprocessing of Jatropha Oil over Hydrogenation Catalysts Supported on Hierarchical Mesoporous SAPO-11. Applied Catalysis A: General, 490: 108-116.
Satyarthi, J.K., Srinivas, D. (2011). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Method for Monitoring Hydroprocessing of Vegetable Oils to Produce Hydrocarbon-Based Biofuel. Energy Fuels, 25: 3318-3322.
Zhang, H, Lin H., Zheng, Y. (2014). The Role of Cobalt and Nickel in Deoxygenation of Vegetable Oils. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 160-161: 415-422.
Ishihara, A., Fukui, N., Nasu, H., Hashimoto, T. (2014). Hydrocracking of Soybean Oil using Zeolite-Alumina Composite Supported NiMo Catalyst. Fuel, 134: 611-617.
Arun, N., Sharma, R.V., Dalai, A.K. (2015). Green Diesel Synthesis by Hydrodeoxygenation of Bio-Based Feedstocks: Strategies for Catalyst Design and Development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 48: 240-255
Teixeira da Silva, V., Sousa, L.A. (2013). Catalytic Upgrading of Fats and Vegetable Oils for the Production of Fuels, Chapter 3. The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals: Elsevier B.V.
Veriansyah, B., Han, J.Y., Kim, S.K., Hong, S., Kim, Y.J., Lim, J.S., Shu, Y.W., Oh, S., Kim, J. (2012). Production of Renewable Diesel by Hydroprocessing of Soybean Oil: Effect of Catalysts, Fuel, 94: 578-585.
Pinto, F., Varela, F.T., Gonçalves, M., Neto André, R., Costa, P., Mendes, B. (2014). Production of Bio-Hydrocarbons by Hydrotreating of Pomace Oil. Fuel, 116: 84-93.
Roesyadi, A., Danawati, H P., Nurjannah, N., Savitri, S.D. (2013). HZSM-5 Catalyst for Cracking Palm Oil to Gasoline: A Comparative Study With and Without Impregnation. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7 (3): 185-190.
Rismawati, R., Prihartantyo, A., Mahfud, M., Roesyadi, A. (2015). Hydrocracking of Calophyllum inophyllum Oil with Non-Sulfide CoMo Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10(1) : 61-69.
Rismawati, R., Prihartantyo, A., Mahfud, M., Roesyadi, A. (2015). Hydrocracking of Nyamplung Oil (Calophyllum inophyllum Oil) using CoMo/γ-Al2O3 and CoMo/SiO2 Catalysts. Modern Applied Science, 9: No. 7.
Budianto, A., Danawati, H P., Budhikarjono, K. (2014). Biofuel Production from Candlenut Oil using Catalytic Cracking Process with Zn/HZSM-5 Catalyst. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9: No. 11.
Budianto, A., Danawati, H.P., Roesyadi, A., Budhikarjono, K. (2014). HZSM-5 Catalyst for Cracking Palm Oil to Biodiesel : A Comparative Study With and Without Pt and Pd Impregnation. Scientific Study & Research Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Food Industry, 15 (1): 081-090.
Shimura, K., Miyazawa, T., Hanaoka, T., Hirata, S. (2015). Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Alumina Supported Bimetallic Co–Ni Catalyst: Effect of Impregnation Sequence and Solution. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 407: 15-24.
Stockwell, D.M., Lerner, B.A. (2013). Hydrocracking Catalyst and Process Using Insitu Produced Y-Fauajasite. Patent No. US 8372772 B2, United Stated Patent.
Sartipi, S., Parashar, K., Valero-Romero, M. J., Santos, V.P., Bart van der Linden, Makkee, M., Kapteijn, F., Gascon, J. (2013). Hierarchical H-ZSM-5 Supported Cobalt for Direct Synthesis of Gasoline Range Hydrocarbon from Syngas: Advantages, Limitation, and Mechanistic Insight. Journal of Catalysis, 305: 179-190.
Haber, J., Block, J.H., Delmon, B. (1995). Manual of Methode and Procedures for Catalyst Characterization, Technical Report, Pure & Appl. Chem., Physical Chemistry Division Commission On Colloid And Surface Chemistry, 67(8/9): 1257-1306.
Hao, K., Shen, B., Wang, Y., Ren, J. (2012). Influence of Combined Alkaline Treatment and Fe-Ti-loading Modification on ZSM-5 Zeolite and Its Catalytic Performance in Light Olefin Production. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 18: 1736-1740.
Wang, S., Yin, Q.,Guo, J., Ru, B., Zhu, L. (2013). Improved Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis for Gasoline over Ru, Ni Promoted Co/HZSM-5 Catalyst. Fuel, 108: 597-603.
Vitale, G., Molero, H., Hernandez, E., Aquino, S., Birss, V., Pereira-Almao, P. (2013). One-pot Preparation and Characterization of Bifunctional Ni-containing ZSM-5 Catalyst. Applied Catalyst A : General, 452: 75-87.
Romero, M.D., Calles, J.A., Rodrı´guez, A., Cabanelas, J.C. (1998), The Influence of Calcination Treatment over Bifunctional Ni/HZSM-5 Catalysts. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 37: 3846-3852.
Martinez-Grimaldo, H., Ortiz-Moreno, H., Sanchez-Minero, F., Ramirez, J., Cuevas-Garcia, R., Ancheyta-Juarez, J. (2014). Hydrocracking of Maya Crude Oil in Slurry-Phase Reactor. I. Effect of Reaction Temperature. Catalysis Today, 220-222: 295-300.
Barrón, C.A.E., Melo-Bandaa, J.A., Dominguez, E.J.M., Hernández, M.E., Silva, R.R., Reyes, T.A.I., Meraz, M.M.A. (2011). Catalytic Hydrocracking of Vegetable Oil for Agrofuels Production using Ni-Mo, Ni-W, Pt and TFA Catalysts Supported on SBA-15. Catalysis Today, 166: 102-110.
Niu, X., Gao, J., Miao, Q., Dong, M., Wang, G., Fan, W., Qin, Z., Wang, J. (2014). Influence of Preparation Method on the Performance of Zn-containing HZSM-5 Catalysts in Methanol-to-Aromatics. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 197: 252-261.
Gayubo, A.G., Alonso, A., Valle, B., Aguayo, A.T., Olazar, M., Bilbao, J. (2010). Hydrothermal Stability of HZSM-5 Catalysts Modified with Ni for the Transformation of Bioethanol into Hydrocarbons. Fuel, 89: 3365-3372.
Pinto, F., Martins, M., Gonçalves, M., Costa, P., Gulyurtlu, I., Alves, A., Mendes, B. (2013) Hydrogenation of Rapeseed Oil for Production of Liquid Bio-Chemicals. Applied Energy, 102: 272-282
Zheng, X., Chang, J., Fu, Y. (2015). One-pot Catalytic Hydrocracking of Diesel Distillate and Residual Oil Fractions Obtained from Bio-Oil to Gasoline-Range Hydrocarbon Fuel. Fuel, 157: 107-114.
Rabaev, M., Landau, M.V., Vidruk-Nehemya, R., Koukouliev, V., Zarchin, R., Herskowitz, M. (2015). Conversion of Vegetable Oils on Pt/Al2O3/SAPO-11 to Diesel and Jet Fuels Containing Aromatics. Fuel, 161: 287-294
Sotelo-Boyás, R., Liu, Y., Minowa, T. (2011). Renewable Diesel Production from the Hydrotreating of Rapeseed Oil with Pt/Zeolite and NiMo/Al2O3 Catalysts. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 50 (5): 2791-2799.
Vichaphund, S., Aht-ong, D., Sricharoenchaikul, V., Atong, D. (2015). Production of Aromatic Compounds from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Jatropha Residues using Metal/HZSM-5 Prepared by Ion-Exchange and Impregnation Methods. Renewable Energy, 79: 28-37
Liu, S., Zhu, Q., Guan, Q., He, L., Li, W. (2015). Bio-aviation Fuel Production from Hydroprocessing Castor Oil Promoted by the Nickel-Based Bifunctional Catalysts. Bioresource Technology, 183: 93-100.
Chen, H., Wang, Q., Zhang, X., Wang, L. (2015). Quantitative Conversion of Triglycerides to Hydrocarbons over Hierarchical ZSM-5 Catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 166-167: 327-334
Marlinda, L., Al-Muttaqii, M., Roesyadi, A., Danawati, H.P. (2016). Production of Biofuel by Hydrocracking of Cerbera Manghas Oil Using Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst : Effect of Reaction Temperature. J. Pure App. Chem. Res., 5 (3): 189-195.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis (BCREC) are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form BCREC 2016]
The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Assoc. Prof. Dr. I. Istadi (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Telp.: +62-24-7460058, Fax.: +62-24-76480675